Ethics and Human Interface [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 12 - 17 of 53

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Passage

You are now a retired police officer. During your service you were known for utmost honesty. You were loved by the people wherever you served as an officer. Recently, you were diagnosed with benign cancer, which if neglected would turn into malignant and life threatening one. You are advised to undergo surgery immediately. In the hospital where you are undergoing treatment, an oncologist comes to know that you were the person who had rescued his mother and him from being beaten to death by relatives over property issues. In-order to thank you, he now wants to treat you without charging a penny. He also tells you that he would waive all medical expenses. But, you do not agree with this and tell him that you can manage the expenses. However, the oncologist insists and cures you of cancer free of cost. He also tells you that he would regularly visit you at your home and keep a track of your health.

Question 12 (1 of 2 Based on Passage)

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Essay▾

What do you think should be your course of action? Should you pay back the medical expenses or should you treat the Doctor՚s act as a reward?

Explanation

  • I shall pay back all the medical expenses incurred during the process of my surgery. When I was in service, I only performed my duty and served the people as an administrator is supposed to. So, I only did my job. If people appreciate my efforts then that in-itself is the greatest satisfaction and the highest reward for me, I do not seek anything m…

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Question 13 (2 of 2 Based on Passage)

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Essay▾

What are the values possessed by both, you and the Oncologist? Explain.

Explanation

Some of the values possessed by me are;

  • Integrity is an important maxim in a public administrator՚s life. An administrator should take all administrative actions on the premise of honesty and should not use his/her power and position to serve one՚s personal or illegitimate interests.
  • Work Commitment is another important maxim where an administrator s…

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Question 14

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Short Answer▾

“What we really want is head and heart combined … . I would a hundred times rather have a little heart and no brain, than be all brains and no heart.” Swami Vivekananda. Justify the above statement. (15 Marks)

Question 15

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Short Answer▾

The capacity to grasp values, to affirm them, and to respond to them, is the foundation for realizing the moral values of man. Discuss the above with reference to your, personal experience in your life. (10 Marks)

Question 16

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Essay▾

Goodness is the very heart of the whole reign of moral values. It is by no accident that the term “good” means moral value as such, and also the specific moral quality of goodness. A good human being when he is successful can help the society far better than vice versa. Discuss. (15 marks)

Explanation

  • ‘Goodness’ or the quality of helping others, not causing harm to others, is at the root of moral values, which are norms deciding good or bad. Moral values are necessary for the continuation of a civilization and they define goodness and badness from a societal perspective, what is good for promotion of civilization is considered moral and what det…

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Question 17

Ethics and Human Interface
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“It is impossible to maintain a clear and precise distinction between social ethics and personal (individual) ethics. No individual behavior is without social implications. No social situation or problem is without individual repercussions.” Discuss. (15 marks)

Explanation

  • Individual՚s attitude and behaviour, societal norms, ethical standards, his individual values, all these impact his behaviour.
  • When a conflict occurs between his individual values and societal norms or ethics, then he undergoes ethical dilemmas. It becomes. Difficult to pursue your individual ethics, when you are in a social setting which is based o…

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