Ethics and Human Interface [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 53

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Question 1

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Essay▾

“Max Weber said that it is not wise to apply to public administration the sort of moral and ethical norms we apply to matters of personal conscience. It is important to realize that the state bureaucracy might possess its own independent bureaucratic morality.” Critically analyze this statement.

Explanation

  • Max Weber believed that for a bureaucratic setup to be really efficient and effective it should uphold the principle of objectivity, minimize conflict of interests and follow standard procedures. This may even mean over-riding conflicting moral and ethical aspects of personal conscience.
  • For example, a public procurement process typically involves R…

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Question 2

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“Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless but knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful” . What do you understand by this statement explain your your standard with illustration from modern day context.

Explanation

  • Vivekananda once affirmed that a person can be a devil and intellectual at the same time. While saying so he was trying to bring about the required association of knowledgeable with integrity.
  • If a person is a honest but he is not knowledgeable, he will not be able to use his honesty.
  • But a person with both knowledge and integrity will act positively…

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Question 3

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What is meant by environmental ethics? Why is it important to study? Discuss an one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics.

Explanation

  • Environmental ethics is the moral and ethical relationship of human beings to the environment.
  • At present the world is a facing extreme challenges such as global warming, climate change, ozone layer depletion.
  • We can ensure that we are doing our part to keep the environment safe and protected.
  • Pollution, overpopulation, industrial and household waste,…

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Question 4

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

″ In looking for people is hire, you look for three qualities integrity intelligence and energy. And if they do not have the first, the other two will kill you. ″ – Warren Buffett. What do you understand by this statement in the present-day scenario ″ Explain? (150 words) 10

Explanation

  • This quote from Warren Buffett relates to the qualities that are required in an individual, within which, integrity supersedes the other qualities.
  • Integrity refers to doing the right thing even under full discretion. Integrity is a foundational moral virtue, and the bedrock upon which good character is built. Acting with integrity means understandi…

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Passage

You are the District Magistrate in a district where a significant number of transgenders reside. While discrimination against the community is well known, commuters increasingly complain of harassment at their hands, especially at traffic junctions where transgenders are mostly involved in begging. This, at times, also leads to traffic management issues. You have received a number of complaints in this regard and you have to act quickly to resolve it. However, a group of transgender associations argue that begging is their only source of livelihood.

Given the situation, answer the following questions:

Question 5 (1 of 4 Based on Passage)

Ethics and Human Interface
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Essay▾

Describe the ethical issues involved in this case.

Explanation

(a) Inconvenience versus means of livelihood:

  • Begging by transgenders causes inconvenience to commuters in the form traffic congestions and leads to traffic management issues. On the one hand, the oppressed socio-economic conditions of transgenders (or people belonging to sex-gender minorities) in our country leaves them no choice but to earn their …

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