Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 35 - 39 of 59

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Question 35

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Essay▾

What is the relation between law and morality? At what point is civil disobedience as a form of resistance to power justified on the grounds of morality? (150 Words)

Explanation

Relation Between Law and Morality:

  • Law is essentially a set of rules and principles created and enforced by the state whereas morals are a set of beliefs, values and principles and behaviour standards which are enforced and created by society.
  • Legal and moral rules can be isolated with the former being created by the legislative institution of parlia…

… (485 more words) …

Question 36

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Conflict of interest in the public sector arises when (a) official duties, (b) public interest, and (c) personal interest are taking priority one above the other. How can this conflict in administration be resolved? Describe with an example. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

A conflict of interest is a situation in which an individual has competing interests or loyalties. A conflict of interest can exist in many different situations. The easiest way to explain the concept of conflict of interest is by using some examples.

  • with a public official whose personal interests conflict with his/her professional pos…

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Question 37

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Define Ethical Concerns and Dilemmas in Private/Business Institutions?

Explanation

  • Code of conduct is a name given to a set of principles and rules that govern the way social institutions should behave toward their stakeholders and the way stakeholders (especially employees) should conduct themselves towards the institution and each other.
  • A code is just one of the many sets of directives to which organizations and individuals are…

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Question 38

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Law and ethics are considered to be the two tools for controlling human conduct so as to make it conductive to civilized social existence. Explain

Explanation

  • Law is an ordinance or a rule resulting from human reason, it is not the same as a regulation or ordinary rule. Regulations and rules often help clarify the intent of laws in more specific terms.
  • The purpose of a law is to promote the common good and societal welfare as well as protect individual rights. On the basis of source, the authority to enac…

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Question 39

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

A common sight in India at traffic signals, railway stations and urban markets, is that of a destitute woman, begging, with a child in her arms. At times, out of pity or out of fear, from being cursed by God, or out of irritation, we tend to give them some coins or money and drive them away. In this context, bring out the ethical issues associated with beggary. Indicate the socio-economic reasons behind it. Also, discuss the attitudinal aspects of people towards beggars. What feasible steps can be taken to effectively control this serious problem of our country?

Explanation

There are four sub-parts of the question.

First, explain the various forms of begging relating it with poverty.

Then discuss the ethical concerns related to begging.

Discuss the various attitudinal aspects of people and the source of such attitudes.

In last part of question discuss the need of a multi-pronged strategy to tackle this issue.

  • India is seen…

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