Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 5 - 9 of 59

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Question 5

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“In doing a good thing, everything is permitted which is not prohibited expressly or by clear implication.” Examine the statement with suitable examples in the context of a public servant discharging his/her duties. (150 words) 10

Explanation

  • The maxim that ″ Everything which is not forbidden is allowed ″ is a principle of English law, which is an essential freedom of the ordinary citizen or subject. The converse principle ″ everything which is not allowed is forbidden ″ is used to apply to public authorities, whose actions were limited to the powers explicitly granted to them by law
  • Wit…

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Question 6

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Explain the process of resolving ethical dilemmas in Public Administration. (150 words) 10 words

Explanation

  • The Ethical dilemmas can be considered as situations in which there is a choice to be made between two options, neither of which resolves the situation in morally satisfactory manner. In such circumstances, social and personal ethical guidelines can provide no satisfactory outcome for the selector. This creates a situation in which to obey one woul…

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Passage

A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good. However, after a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for longer periods. They advise her to keep quiet as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot risk losing her job as she is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings. At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why she should stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the advice of silence given by her friends is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice.

Question 7 (1 of 2 Based on Passage)

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why?

Explanation

  • Moral persuasion should be her first step. She should consult her colleagues one more time. It is likely that they would deter her but there is a slight possibility that she might be able to convince some of her colleagues if not all by challenging their moral conscience.
  • The residents of the village must be made aware as soon as possible. Also, the…

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Question 8 (2 of 2 Based on Passage)

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?

Explanation

  • ‘Business without morality’ is one of the seven deadly sins advocated by Gandhi. Business or work without morality or ethics can destroy a person՚s conscience. So, the secretive discharge of highly toxic waste must be made public, without a doubt.
  • As a responsible and a law abiding citizen she must keep in mind the fundamental right of life of the v…

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Question 9

Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

As a senior officer in the Ministry, you have access to important policy decisions and upcoming his announcements such as road construction projects before they are notified in the public domain. The Ministry is about to announce a mega road project for which the drawings are already in place. Sufficient care was taken by the planners to make use of the government land with minimum land acquisition from private parties. Compensation rate for private parties was also finalized as per government land with minimum deforestation. Once the project is announced, it is expected that there will be a huge spurt in real estate prices in and around that area.

Meanwhile, the Minister concerned insists that you realign the road in such a way that it comes closer to his 20 acres farm house. He also suggests that he would purchase a big plot of land in your wife՚s name at the prevailing rate which is very nominal, in and around the proposed mega road project. He also tries to convince you by saying that there is no harm in it as he is buying the land legally. He even promises to supplement your savings in case you do not have a sufficient funds to buy the land. However, by the act of realignment, a lot of agricultural land has to be acquired, thereby causing considerable financial burden on the government, and also displacement of the farmers. As if this is not enough, it will involve cutting down of a large number of trees denuding the area of its green cover.

Faced with this situation, what will you do? Critically examine various conflicts of interest, and explain what your responsibilities are as a public servant. (250 words) 20

Explanation

  • In the capacity of being a public servant, one must always act in the public interest and perform his duties in the interest of the nation. The life of a public servant is open for public scrutiny. The case of buying a big plot of land in the name of your wife would not be concealed for long. This is because the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 e…

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