Attitude [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 23

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Question 1

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Essay▾

The soul of every morally good attitude is abandonment to that which is objectively important, is interest in a thing because it has value. Discuss the above with reference to the importance of moral attitudes in shaping the character of a person. (15 Marks)

Explanation

  • A “morally good attitude” , as per societal norms, like not cheating or not exploiting the other, hot betraying the other to become rich or successful i.e.. being honest or fair, or trustworthy or loyal to others in the society. These are not morally good, because they have objectivity or nationality or because they will head to maximum benefit, bu…

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Question 2

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Discuss the importance of political attitude of citizens of a country in nation- building with relevant examples from functioning of democracy in India. (15 Marks)

Explanation

  • Political attitudes refers to the norms, opinions views held by citizens towards government and political system in country. They are influenced by
    • Emotions or relief
    • Ideologies
    • Cognition
  • Political attitudes of a country՚s citizens play important role in shaping nation, as the structural and procedural reforms in the democracy are left redundant withou…

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Question 3

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What do you understand by the term ‘public servant’ ? Reflect on the expected role of public servant. (150 words) (10 marks)

Explanation

  • Public servant is a government official with the main duty of providing services to the people, redressing their grievances and working for their welfare.
  • Public servants should have following qualities:
Public Servants Should Have Following Qualities

A public servant is expected to perform the following roles:

  • Facilitator of government services: He/sh…

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Question 4

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It is said that superstition is the religion of feeble minds. Comment on the statement and examine why superstition is prevalent in India. (150 Words)

Explanation

The statement shows that superstitions is followed by people who are weak or not rational. To some extent this approach is valid because even in a modern society people still consider it a bad omen when someone sneezes and you are about to go out, people approach godmen for remedies of problems etc.

  • There have been many inhuman practices in the name…

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Question 5

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Essay▾

As per the Indian Constitution, it is the duty of each citizen to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform. Yet, superstitious practices are abound in India, including among the highly educated. Why is it so hard to remove superstitions? Can social persuasion and ethics help remove it? Examine. (150 Words)

Explanation

Superstitions are followed everywhere. No country, no matter its scientific prowess, has conquered superstition. Superstitions are harmful and harmless for instance harmful acts like sati, tradition of tantra followed by godmen affects the lives of innocent girls show that with proper empowerment, science, and strengthening of values these can be e…

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