IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management) Infrastructure-Roads Study Material (Page 4 of 20)

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Road Transport: Introduction

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Introduction

Roads continue to concentrate in and around urban centers. Rural and remote areas in general have poor road connectivity. Road transport is relatively suitable for shorter distances. Following are historically significant road developments:

  • Sher Shah Suri built Shahi (Royal) road from Indus Valley to Sonar Valley in Bengal. This road was renamed Grand Trunk (GT…

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Road Transport: Classification of Roads in India

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Classification of Roads in India

For the purpose of construction and maintenance, Indian roads are classified as follows:

Nation Highways

  • These roads are constructed and maintained by the central government.
  • These roads are meant for inter-state transport and for movement of defense forces and material in strategic areas.
  • These also connect state capitals, major cities, important ports, railway junctions, etc.
  • These constitute only 2 % of total road length but have 40 % of road traffic.
  • National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) develops, maintains, and operates National Highways.
  • All of them are metaled with very few constructed of concrete (like Mumbai-Pune Expressway) .

State Highways

  • T…

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