IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management) Infrastructure-Roads Study Material (Page 15 of 20)

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Waterways: Advantages of Water Transport, Limitations of Water Transport

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Advantages of Water Transport

  • It is a relatively economical means of transportation for bulky and heavy goods.
  • Cost to maintain and construct routes is very low as they are naturally made.
  • It promotes international trade.
  • It is a relatively safe mode of transport with few accidents.

Limitations of Water Transport

  • Different depths and navigability of rivers affects movement of transport vessels.
  • Inland waterways face a tough competition from rail and road transport.
  • Diversion of water for irrigation makes the rivers non-navigable in most parts of their course…

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Pipeline Transport: Oil Pipelines

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Transportation of crude oil from oil wells and finished products from refineries occurs mainly by pipelines. It is cheap, effective, and safe way to transport. Natural gas is also transported by pipelines for example, it can be delivered to fertilizer plans. According to 2016 data,

  • Length of pipelines for crude oil is 9,853 km
  • Length of petroleum products pipeline is 14,975 km
  • Length of natural gas pipelines is 17,658 km

Oil Pipelines

Oil India Ltd. (OIL) is engage…

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