IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management) Indian Agriculture-Scope and Significance Study Material (Page 13 of 24)

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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) : Process of EIA, Application of EIA

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Process of EIA

After project completion, EIA must be audited to evaluate performance by comparing actual impacts to predicted ones. This would make future EIAs more valid and effective. Main considerations are:

  • Scientificity of EIA: This aspect audits accuracy of predictions and clarifies errors.
  • Management Utility: This aspect assesses success of mitigation proposals in decreasing environmental impact.

Application of EIA

EIA can be applied to the following

  • River Valleys: EIA in river valleys is concerned with degradation of catchment area, command area developme…

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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) : EIA in India

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EIA in India

Process of EIA

Illustration 1 for Application of EIA

In India, EIA is applied to

  • Issues discussed in environmental approval applications
  • All projects that involve Public Investment Board, Niti Aayog, or Central Electricity Authority

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