IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management) Indian Agriculture-Major Crops & Cropping Patterns Study Material (Page 4 of 4)

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Cropping System (Patterns) : Diversification of Cropping Patterns in India, Crop Concentration

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Diversification of Cropping Patterns in India

In 1960՚s-70՚s in India, cropping patterns changed with advent of modern agricultural technology during Green Revolution. It resulted in continuous diversification based on economic considerations. Crop pattern changes depend on following factors:

  • Reso…

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Cropping System (Patterns) : Major Crops of India

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Major Crops of India

Some of the major agricultural crops of India are given in the table below:

Major crops of India

Tablutation of: Crops, Conditions Required, Areas of Growth (In Order of Production)
CropsConditions RequiredAreas of Growth (In Order of Production)
Ragi
  • Kharif crop
  • Temperature:
  • Rainfall: 50 - 100 cm
  • Soil: Red, light black, and sandy loamy
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Maharashtra
Gram
  • Rabi crop
  • Temperature:
  • Rainfall: 40 - 45 cm
  • Soil: Loamy
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Rajasthan
Maize
  • Rainfed kharif crop
  • Temperature:
  • Rainfall: 50 - 100 cm
  • Soil: Red loamy and alluvial
  • Bihar
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Andhra Pradesh

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