IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management) Indian Agriculture-Major Crops & Cropping Patterns Study Material (Page 3 of 4)

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Cropping System (Patterns) : Cropping Patterns in India

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Cropping Patterns in India

In India, cropping is year-round phenomena. In Northern India, there are two seasons viz. , kharif (July to October) , and rabi (October to March) . Zaid is crop-growing period between March and June. Other regions in India have no distinct seasons, but have their own classification of seasons.

Village revenue officials keep record of crops grown in each season. These are compiled at district, state, and national level.

  • In 1999 - 2000, …

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Cropping System (Patterns) : Crop Combination

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Crop Combination

For details refer “Crop Combination and Diversification” in “Agricultural Geography” in “Human and Economic Geography” . For understanding crop combinations in India, visit agricultural regionalization in subsequent topics. Crops mixtures are widely grown in India, especially during the kharif season. Weaver՚s method of delineating crop combinations when applied to India (2003 - 2006) , provides following important results:

  • Rice monoculture is practiced in lower Brahmaputra valley, West Bengal, Odisha, and coastal Andhra Pradesh
  • Bajra is the most important crop of Western Rajasthan.
  • In Punjab and Haryana, various combinations involving rice and wheat are very importa…

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