IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management) Environmental Issues-Environmental Pollution and Degradation Study Material (Page 5 of 15)

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Environmental Hazards and Remedial Measures: Glacial Lake Outbursts Floods (GLOF) & Jokulhlaup

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Glacial Lake Outbursts Floods (GLOF) & Jokulhlaup

GLOF implies glacier floods caused by the drainage of naturally dammed lakes in the glacier, on or at the margin of glaciers whereas Jokulhlaup is a body of water contained by a glacier that melts or overflows.

GLOF is a release of melt water from a moraine or ice-dam glacial lake due to dam failure. GLOFs results in catastrophic flooding downstream. Main features of GLOF are:

  • Sudden (and sometimes cyclic) release of water.
  • Rapid events, lasting hours to days.
  • Large downs…

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Environmental Hazards and Remedial Measures: Millennium Development Goals (MDG՚s)

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Millennium Development Goals (MDG՚S)

Targets of Millennium Development Goals

  • Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger
  • Attaining universal primary education.
  • Promoting gender equality and empowering women.
  • Reducing child mortality.
  • Improving maternal health.
  • Fighting HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
  • Providing environmental sustainability.
  • Developing global partnership for sustainable development.

Addressing Conservation with Development

Environment conservation and sustainable development are two sides of same coin. Ecology and ecosystems:

  • Act as basis for building human civilization.
  • Provide goods and services that reinforce su…

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