Security and Disaster Management [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 14 - 19 of 22

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Question 14

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Employing army resources for civilian works is an acknowledgement of civilian institutional failure to the larger public and also has long-term costs. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Indian Army is used in many works of civilian institutions like maintaining law and order situation, helping and rescuing people in disaster etc.
  • It is required owing to the fact that Army personnel are rigorously trained in handling crisis situations, it is resource rich, can be mobilized quickly, have superior expertise and enjoys a w

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Question 15

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Is global instability from proliferation and weaponization of nuclear weapons imminent? Examine the measures taken and the challenges that exist to ban nuclear weapons. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as “Nuclear Weapon States” by the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT. Proliferation has been opposed by

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Question 16

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The Central government has proposed changes to various provisions of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) through the Finance Bill. Examine these amendments and also evaluate the efficacy of previous measures in preventing money laundering. (250 Words)

Explanation

Amendments to PMLA Made through Finance Bill Are:

Following amendments have been made in the Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA) through Finance Act 2018. The Amendments aim at further enhancing the effectiveness of the Act, widen its scope and take care of certain procedural difficulties faced by the Enforcement Directorate in prosecuti

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Question 17

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India’s homeland security will be better served by basic fixes in India’s law enforcement system rather than by the deployment of sophisticated technology and weaponry. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • India has been striving to attain advanced weaponry and modernize the forces through bilateral ties and through state-funding of research. Initiatives like Crime and Criminal Tracking Network have been advanced.
  • This is American brand of dollar-driven, technology-obsessed, biometric profiling-based Homeland Security architecture won’t w

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Question 18

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‘Lone wolf’ attacks are a security and political challenge. How should governments and other stakeholders deal with such attacks? Discuss. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • A lone wolf, lone-wolf terrorist, or lone actor, is someone who prepares and commits violent acts alone, outside of any command structure and without material assistance from any group. He or she may be influenced or motivated by the ideology and beliefs of an external group and may act in support of such a group. In its original sense

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Question 19

Security and Disaster Management
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The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has become the spearhead against global efforts combating the financing of terrorism (CFT). Analyse the basis for FATF’s growing effectiveness in the fight against terrorist finance and how it helps India to deal with cross-border terrorism. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Over a period of time the FATF has gained perceptible credibility as a professional organisation, which has succeeded in not only increasing awareness regarding the challenges being faced by the global financial system, but also human security issues like terrorism.

How FATF Has Become the Spearhead Against Financing of Terrorism:

  • The FATF

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