Science and Technology-Space [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 6

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Question 1

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Appeared in Year: 2017

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

India has achieved remarkable success in unnamed space missions including the Chandrayaan and Mars Orbiter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission, both in terms of Technology and logistics? Explain critically.

Explanation

India with its indigenous Technology successfully launched Chandrayaan-I mission which revealed existence of water on the surface of the Moon.

  • In similar manner Mars orbiter mission (MOM) has successfully launched in its first attempt with low cost.
  • These two are unmanned missions but India could not launch even a single manned mission.
  • It is really a…

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Question 2

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

International civil aviation laws provide all countries complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above their territory. What do you understand by airspace what are the implications of these laws on the space above this airspace. Discuss the challenges, which this poses, and suggest ways to contain the threat.

Explanation

Airspace is the portion of the atmosphere control by a country above its territory. In this airspace, the country enjoys its sovereignty. It is a special right zone.

  • Special use airspace or special area of operations (SAO) is designation for airspace in which certain activities must be confined. Special use of airspace consist of prohibited areas, r…

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Question 3

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What are the salient features of the Space Activities Bill, 2017? Examine how the use of outer space by ISRO has helped common man in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • With ISRO launching its 100th satellite recently and preparations in full swing for the launch of Chandrayaan-2 around the end of March this year, ISRO has come a long way in its journey of five decades.
  • There is a need for national space legislation for supporting the overall growth of the space activities in India. This would encourage …

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Question 4

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Essay▾

Future space exploration will be driven by private intentions, commitments and contracts. In this regard, for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) frugal engineering plays its part but it is not an end unto itself. Discuss. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

ISRO contribution with Mars mission, Chandrayaan 2 has caught the world by surprise especially with such low costs. ISRO may have been successful in keeping costs down but in the long run the numbers will only go up so frugal approach is not very effective in long term.

Why India Cannot Be Frugal Any More:

  • Future is about simplifying the s…

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Question 5

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans to privatise the operations of its popular Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) by 2020. Examine the rationale behind this plan and also its merits and demerits. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

In order to step up the launch capacity within the country, ISRO is in the process of exploring the possibility of involving Indian industry in a greater role to meet the increased national requirements and possible commercial demand for launch services. Discussions are being held with the Indian industry towards formulating a plan & s…

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