Science and Technology-Intellectual Property Rights [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 4 of 4

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Question 1

Intellectual Property Rights
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

A robust broadcasting industry is the linchpin of every democratic society. Analyse the key provisions of the Proposed Treaty for the Protection of Broadcasting Organisations by WIPO and examine if India should sign this Broadcasting treaty or not. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • A robust broadcasting industry is the linchpin of every democratic society. Although constitutionally broad-casting (electronic media) is not part of the fourth estate, its importance is best described by veteran British statesman, Tony Benn: “Broadcasting is really too important to be left to the broadcasters”
  • In recognition of the imm…

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Question 2

Intellectual Property Rights
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

The promise of a forward-looking bio-pharmaceutical industry in India will only be fulfilled if India works to build an ecosystem that promotes medical innovation. Examine why a balance between patents and drug prices is crucial to build innovative forward-looking bio-pharmaceutical industry in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Indian pharmaceutical sector evolved in different phases from pre independence era to post Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) . Presently, Indian pharmaceutical sector is dominated by the generics drugs and more drugs are sold in anti-infective category.
  • The Indian pharmaceutical industry is having opportuniti…

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Question 3

Intellectual Property Rights
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Essay▾

Geographical Indications (GIs) support local production and are an important economic tool for the uplift of rural and tribal communities. However, India՚s GI law has loopholes which make it an ineffective economic tool. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Geographical Indications (GI) refers to special tag given to a product owing to the specific geographical origin and possessing unique property and quality. The law of Geographical Indications (GIs) is linked to terroir that is the quality of a product is essentially attributable to the territory where the product originates. For e. g.…

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Question 4

Intellectual Property Rights
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

As a traditional public health intervention, vaccines have been costing more money in recent years when a couple of newer generation of products are exhausting governments՚ budgets largely due to their monopoly situations thanks to patent thicket and evergreening. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • A patent is a legal right to the sole use of an invention for 20 years after its creation. This includes a right to license it to others, to prevent others from using the product and to sell the patent to another.
  • While Evergreening is any of various legal, business and technological strategies by which producers extend their patents ov…

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