Science and Technology-Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 8 - 14 of 22

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Question 8

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

How far will coal liquefaction help in solving the energy dependence of India on the countries discuss.

Explanation

India is dependent on petroleum imports it has been hit very badly due to the recent surge in crude prices and uncertainty over future supplies on account of proposed American sanctions on Iranian crude.

  • Coal liquefaction also called coal to liquid technology (CLT) is the other way which India can overcome crude shortage. This is alternative route t…

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Question 9

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Why do hydrogen being acclaimed as the fuel of the future.

Explanation

Hydrogen is assessed the fuel of the future by the latest technological innovation.

  • Hydrogen is present abundant amount in the nature and water.
  • Hydrogen from the sea water can be used as a source of energy.
  • Three times were energy than petrol is produced by hydrogen.
  • Where if it hard to use electricity, it can be used in the places also.
  • Hydrogen can b…

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Question 10

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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What are the steps in process of Digitization?

Explanation

  • Digitization is the process of converting the content of physical media to digital formats. Physical media includes books, periodical articles, manuscripts, photographs, cards, vinyl disks, etc.
  • The software which provides almost all the functions or process of digitization is variably called Document Image Processing (DIP) , Electronic Filing Syste…

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Question 11

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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What do you understand by net neutrality? Discuss the nature and significance of net neutrality recommendations made by TRAI. (250 Words)

Explanation

  • Net Neutrality refers to the unbiased treatment of all internet websites, portals and services by an internet service provider (ISP) in matters of allocating bandwidth and traffic. Net neutrality is at the core of an open Internet that does not allow for content discrimination by ISPs.
  • Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers …

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Question 12

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Essay▾

Robust industry-academia relationship is crucial to India՚s global competitiveness and its place in the global knowledge economy. Examine how digitisation and disruptive technologies are crucial to meaningful industry academia relationship. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The ensuing phase of fourth industrial revolution ushered in by cyber physical infrastructure and Artificial intelligence are bringing in unprecedented changes in many aspects of our living.
  • However, India significantly lags in industry-academia relationship which can be buttressed by the use of digitisation and disruptive technologies.

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Question 13

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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What do you understand by smart contracts in banking? It is said that based on blockchain technology, smart contracts can make banking more secure and frictionless. Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Smart contracts are programmable contracts that automatically execute when pre-defined conditions are met without a third party between individual participants.
  • Smart contracts, enabled by blockchain or distributed ledgers, have been held up as a cure for many of the problems associated with traditional financial contracts, which are si…

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Question 14

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) heralds the next phase of digital capitalism where capital accumulation is powered by data. Elaborate the statement and discuss who should own data in AI driven digital capitalism and why. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. With AI data is in a very vulnerable position as data accumulators receive great gains at the cost of people՚s privacy. So, the people who are generating data need to be rewarded.

Statement Explanation:

  • Worldwide spending on …

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