Science and Technology-Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 7 of 22

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Question 1

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

With the growing energy needs should India keep on expanding its nuclear energy program discuss the facts and the fears associated with nuclear energy.

Explanation

  • The main sources for electrical energy generation are Thermal power primarily using Coal and secondarily Natural gas, Hydraulic power from dams and rivers. Nuclear Power from various reactors.
    • Energy generation is the key factor for advances in industry, agriculture, technology and standards for living. A strong power industry with diverse energy so…

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Question 2

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Discuss National electric Mobility programme critically.

Explanation

The Jharkhand state government has introduce electric vehicles for official use. In the present situation of soaring fuel prices and the spectra of climate change looming Large over the planet.

  • This development that a state government is taking the lead in switching to e-vehicles.
  • In Global Mobility Summit, PM Narendra Modi said that clean mobility p…

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Question 3

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

What do you understand by Run-of-River hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project?

Explanation

Run-of- river hydroelectricity (ROR) is a type of hydroelectric generation.

  • Run of the river power plants Maida have no storage at all or a limited amount of storage in which case the storage reservoir is referred to as poundage.
  • A plant without poundage has no storage and is therefore subjected to seasonal river flows and may operate as an intermitt…

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Question 4

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Describe the sources of ionizing and non ionizing radiations and their effects on the biotic components of the atmosphere.

Explanation

There are two types of ionizing radiation

  • caused by particles (ii) caused by electromagnetic rays.
  • Atom carry enough energy to ionize an atom or molecule in atmosphere by completely removing an electron from its orbit in both types.
  • X-ray of high energy, Gamma rays, ultraviolet rays are some of the sources of ionizing radiation.
  • Gamma-rays of atom bomb…

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Question 5

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Bring out the prospects of development of alternative energy sources of India.

Explanation

Solar, wind , tidal, Geothermal etc. , are gradually been adopted and adopted as alternative source of energy.

  • The technology for efficiently harnessing these sources of energy are being developed and the cost or adequately reduced as well.
  • These energy sources have the advantage of producing energy in a non-polluting form and they are renewal by nat…

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Question 6

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Can overuse and free availability of antibiotics without Doctor՚s prescription, be contributors to the emergence of drug-resistant diseases in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and control? Critically discuss the various issues involved.

Explanation

Antibiotics also known as antibacterial they are the medications that destroy or slow down the growth of bacteria.

  • They include range of powerful drugs and they are used to cure diseases caused by bacteria.
  • But antibiotics cannot treat viral infections such as a cold flu and cough.
  • Antibiotics create some side effects these are diarrhea stomach upset,…

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Question 7

Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology
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Essay▾

What is digital convergence? Explain its implications for modern society.

Explanation

By the diffusion of technology to the different regions and stratum of the country so as to bring the benefits of it՚s communication for every common man with the rapid rise of IT in India and its allied components like satellites mobile phones etc. ,

  • There has seen a great need to bring the common man to reap the benefits of modern technology in di…

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