Science and Technology [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 25 - 29 of 45

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Question 25

Science and Technology
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What are bots? How are they shaping internet today? Examine. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

An Internet bot, also known as web robot, WWW robot or simply bot, is a software application that runs automated tasks (scripts) over the Internet. Typically, bots perform tasks that are both simple and structurally repetitive, at a much higher rate than would be possible for a human alone. The largest use of bots is in web spidering (…

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Question 26

Science and Technology
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Future space exploration will be driven by private intentions, commitments and contracts. In this regard, for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) frugal engineering plays its part but it is not an end unto itself. Discuss. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

ISRO contribution with Mars mission, Chandrayaan 2 has caught the world by surprise especially with such low costs. ISRO may have been successful in keeping costs down but in the long run the numbers will only go up so frugal approach is not very effective in long term.

Why India Cannot Be Frugal Any More:

  • Future is about simplifying the s…

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Question 27

Science and Technology
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The promise of a forward-looking bio-pharmaceutical industry in India will only be fulfilled if India works to build an ecosystem that promotes medical innovation. Examine why a balance between patents and drug prices is crucial to build innovative forward-looking bio-pharmaceutical industry in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Indian pharmaceutical sector evolved in different phases from pre independence era to post Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) . Presently, Indian pharmaceutical sector is dominated by the generics drugs and more drugs are sold in anti-infective category.
  • The Indian pharmaceutical industry is having opportuniti…

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Question 28

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What do you understand by smart contracts in banking? It is said that based on blockchain technology, smart contracts can make banking more secure and frictionless. Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Smart contracts are programmable contracts that automatically execute when pre-defined conditions are met without a third party between individual participants.
  • Smart contracts, enabled by blockchain or distributed ledgers, have been held up as a cure for many of the problems associated with traditional financial contracts, which are si…

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Question 29

Science and Technology
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In your opinion, why do diseases such as malaria and TB persist across the globe? Discuss the recent advances in science and technology made to fight these infectious diseases. (250 Words)

Explanation

In the recent times communicable diseases such as malaria , TB etc has played havoc globally leading to increased burden of diseases, burden on exchequer, increased mortality etc.

Why Do Such Diseases Persists Globally?

Global Warming:

Rise in global temperature has increased population of mosquitoes as these are now more adapted to resist.

Poor Health…

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