Science and Technology [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 12 - 19 of 45

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Question 12

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Essay▾

Can overuse and free availability of antibiotics without Doctor’s prescription, be contributors to the emergence of drug-resistant diseases in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and control? Critically discuss the various issues involved.

Explanation

Antibiotics also known as antibacterial they are the medications that destroy or slow down the growth of bacteria.

  • They include range of powerful drugs and they are used to cure diseases caused by bacteria.
  • But antibiotics cannot treat viral infections such as a cold flu and cough.
  • Antibiotics create some side effects these are diarrhea stomach upset,

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Question 13

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What is digital convergence? Explain its implications for modern society.

Explanation

By the diffusion of technology to the different regions and stratum of the country so as to bring the benefits of it’s communication for every common man with the rapid rise of IT in India and its allied components like satellites mobile phones etc. ,

  • There has seen a great need to bring the common man to reap the benefits of modern technology in di

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Question 14

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How far will coal liquefaction help in solving the energy dependence of India on the countries discuss.

Explanation

India is dependent on petroleum imports it has been hit very badly due to the recent surge in crude prices and uncertainty over future supplies on account of proposed American sanctions on Iranian crude.

  • Coal liquefaction also called coal to liquid technology (CLT) is the other way which India can overcome crude shortage. This is alternative route t

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Question 15

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Why do hydrogen being acclaimed as the fuel of the future.

Explanation

Hydrogen is assessed the fuel of the future by the latest technological innovation.

  • Hydrogen is present abundant amount in the nature and water.
  • Hydrogen from the sea water can be used as a source of energy.
  • Three times were energy than petrol is produced by hydrogen.
  • Where if it hard to use electricity, it can be used in the places also.
  • Hydrogen can b

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Question 16

Science and Technology
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What are the problems related to the rehabilitation of the mentally challenged persons in India?

Explanation

Mentally challenged persons are suffering from some deficiency of brain or nervous system.

  • They are to be protected and Rehabilitation is required to government programmers’.
  • Through efficient machineries various schemes and policies are required to be implemented.
  • Some main challenges are:
    • If proper treatment is delivered they can be well cured, accor

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Question 17

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What are the steps in process of Digitization?

Explanation

  • Digitization is the process of converting the content of physical media to digital formats. Physical media includes books, periodical articles, manuscripts, photographs, cards, vinyl disks, etc.
  • The software which provides almost all the functions or process of digitization is variably called Document Image Processing (DIP), Electronic Filing System

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Question 18

Science and Technology
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It is said that we need global norms to address the rise of machine autonomy in armed conflict. Discuss the issues posed by the rise of autonomous machines and the challenges of regulating their role in conflicts. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Recently United Nations (UN) group of experts in Geneva kicks off the first formal inter-governmental discussion on what machine autonomy means for the laws of armed conflict and the future of international security.
  • Throughout history, the capacity to wield new technologies from gunpowder to nuclear weapons to long-range missiles has c

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Question 19

Science and Technology
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A robust broadcasting industry is the linchpin of every democratic society. Analyse the key provisions of the Proposed Treaty for the Protection of Broadcasting Organisations by WIPO and examine if India should sign this Broadcasting treaty or not. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • A robust broadcasting industry is the linchpin of every democratic society. Although constitutionally broad-casting (electronic media) is not part of the fourth estate, its importance is best described by veteran British statesman, Tony Benn: “Broadcasting is really too important to be left to the broadcasters”
  • In recognition of the imm

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