Science and Technology [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 6 of 45

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Question 1

Science and Technology
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Why there is so much activity in the field of biotechnology in our country. How has this activity benefited the field of biopharma?

Explanation

Biotechnology is the use of biological systems found in organisms or the use of the living organisms themselves to make technological advances and adopt those technologies to various different fields.

  • It includes applications in various fields from agricultural practices to the medical sector.
  • Types of biotechnology:
    • Medical biotechnology:
      • Medical biot…

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Question 2

Science and Technology
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Why is nanotechnology one of the key technologies of the 21st century? Describe the salient features of Indian government Mission on Nano Science and Technology and the scope of its application in the development process of the country.

Explanation

Nano Technology is considered to be an enabling Technology for 21st century because it impacts on many industries like environment, transportation, energy, pharmaceutical, electronics, manufacturing, agriculture etc. ,

  • Nanotechnology is a considered as one of the rapidly growing sectors.
  • The use of particles smaller than 100 nanometers make them to e…

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Question 3

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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With the growing energy needs should India keep on expanding its nuclear energy program discuss the facts and the fears associated with nuclear energy.

Explanation

  • The main sources for electrical energy generation are Thermal power primarily using Coal and secondarily Natural gas, Hydraulic power from dams and rivers. Nuclear Power from various reactors.
    • Energy generation is the key factor for advances in industry, agriculture, technology and standards for living. A strong power industry with diverse energy so…

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Question 4

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Discuss National electric Mobility programme critically.

Explanation

The Jharkhand state government has introduce electric vehicles for official use. In the present situation of soaring fuel prices and the spectra of climate change looming Large over the planet.

  • This development that a state government is taking the lead in switching to e-vehicles.
  • In Global Mobility Summit, PM Narendra Modi said that clean mobility p…

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Question 5

Science and Technology
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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India has achieved remarkable success in unnamed space missions including the Chandrayaan and Mars Orbiter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission, both in terms of Technology and logistics? Explain critically.

Explanation

India with its indigenous Technology successfully launched Chandrayaan-I mission which revealed existence of water on the surface of the Moon.

  • In similar manner Mars orbiter mission (MOM) has successfully launched in its first attempt with low cost.
  • These two are unmanned missions but India could not launch even a single manned mission.
  • It is really a…

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Question 6

Science and Technology
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International civil aviation laws provide all countries complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above their territory. What do you understand by airspace what are the implications of these laws on the space above this airspace. Discuss the challenges, which this poses, and suggest ways to contain the threat.

Explanation

Airspace is the portion of the atmosphere control by a country above its territory. In this airspace, the country enjoys its sovereignty. It is a special right zone.

  • Special use airspace or special area of operations (SAO) is designation for airspace in which certain activities must be confined. Special use of airspace consist of prohibited areas, r…

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