Indian Economy and Issues-Development and Employment [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 12 - 17 of 21

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Question 12

Development and Employment
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Discuss Economic backwardness as a major challenge of India demography. Can demography and development together smoothly?

Explanation

Equal Economic development for classes of society in all parts of the country is not being done in India. This is the main reason for the crippling of Indian demography.

  • Economic backwardness in India leading to poverty, under nutrient, lack of proper education, health awareness and basic facilities like proper drinking water and sanitation.
  • By these…

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Question 13

Development and Employment
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Essay▾

Recently, the Parliament passed amendments to the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) Act, 1981. Examine implications of these amendments for government՚s push to boost the rural and agricultural sector, especially for rural entrepreneurship. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The 1981 Act provides for the establishment of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) . NABARD is responsible for providing and regulating facilities like credit for agricultural and industrial development in the rural areas. The government seeks to amend it through the NABARD (Amendment) Bill, 2017.
  • provides for…

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Question 14

Development and Employment
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Essay▾

What is social enterprise? A self-sustaining social enterprise has the potential to address contextual problems and provide meaningful, continuous employment. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Social Enterprise:

Social enterprises tend to operate with a purpose of creating value for the society and also generate income (if not wealth) .

Potential:

  • The solutions they offer are supposed to be innovative, unique, people and environment friendly.
  • Social enterprises typically deal with people who live at the bottom of the pyramid; therefore, they…

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Question 15

Development and Employment
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Essay▾

Discuss in detail the features of Tripura model of development which has resulted in better human development outcomes for the state. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Tripura is a state in Northeast India. The third-smallest state in the country. Tripura is a landlocked state in North East India. The physiography is characterised by hill ranges, valleys and plains. All this coupled with insurgencies, instabilities had rendered. Tripura on sloppy path of development and progress. But now the Tripura …

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Question 16

Development and Employment
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Essay▾

Energy planning should link energy and its end-use and end-user directly, promoting equity, and providing a better monitoring framework for energy use. Comment on energy planning in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The energy policy of India is largely defined by the country՚s expanding energy deficit and increased focus on developing alternative sources of energy, particularly nuclear, solar and wind energy. India ranks 81 position in overall energy self-sufficiency at 66 % in 2014. Energy planning has gained importance owing to its role in secu…

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Question 17

Development and Employment
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Essay▾

The unemployment rate among the educated is not only higher compared to the uneducated, it also increases with higher levels of education. Examine why. Also suggest measures to reduce both educated and uneducated unemployment in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

According to world employment outlook report in India, the number of jobless is expected to increase to 18.6 million in 2018 and 18.9 million in 2019, against 18.3 million in 2017, as per the report. The unemployment rate is estimated at 3.5 per cent for all three years. This has a significant impact on the demographic dividend of India.

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