Indian Economy and Issues-Development and Employment [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 21

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Question 1

Development and Employment
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Access to affordable reliable sustainable and modern energy is the sine qua non to achieve sustainable development goals (SGDs) . Comment on the progress made in India in this regard.

Explanation

Energy connects social equality, economic growth, and environmental sustainability. By accessing the energy people can study, they can get a job they can start a business.

  • Unequal access to energy leads to poor families to use firewood which has negative implication on both the environment as well as the health of women and children causing several …

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Question 2

Development and Employment
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmers՚ and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs?

Explanation

Namami Ganga project is an ambitious union government project which aims to clean and protect the Ganga River in a comprehensive manner.

Image Shows National Mission for Clean Ganga
  • The Modi government announced ₹ 2300 crore towards this mission on the budget of 2017 - 18
  • The project is officially known as integrated Ganga conservation mission project…

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Question 3

Development and Employment
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

There is a clear acknowledgement that special economic zones (SEZs) are a tool of industrial development, manufacturing and export. Recognising this potential, the whole instrumentality of SEZs require augmentation. Discuss the issue plaguing the success of SEZs with respect to taxation, governing laws and administration.

Explanation

There was an act of parliament in 2005 to set up the special economic zones (SEZs) in India. Intended objective of SEZs export led growth in India.

  • Special Economic zone is an essentially and industrial cluster meant largely for exports. SEZs is governed by a special set of rules in at attracting direct investment for export oriented production.
  • Earl…

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Question 4

Development and Employment
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Essay▾

National Urban Transport policy emphasizes on ‘moving people’ instead of ‘moving vehicles’ . Discuss critically the success of the various strategies of the government in this regard.

Explanation

Ministry of Urban Development issued national urban transport policy (NUTP) in 2006 to bring improvements in urban transport services and infrastructure.

  • The policy focus on moving people rather than moving vehicles.
  • Several new initiatives have been taken by Ministry of Urban Development to good mobility in cities.
  • Result of NUTP program, more number…

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Question 5

Development and Employment
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Essay▾

What was the attitude of Indian industrialists towards the Indian National Congress in pre independence era?

Explanation

In the second half of the 19th century an important development was the establishment of large-scale machine based industries in India.

  • It led to the emergence of two new classes industrialists and capabilities and the modern worker class.
  • The attitude of these two classes where favourable towards the National movement from very beginning.
  • It is an im…

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