Indian Economy and Issues [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 41 - 46 of 78

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Question 41

Indian Economy and Issues
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In the recent budget it was announced that the Central government will increase the ambit of the Ujjwala scheme from the existing five crore to eight crore beneficiaries. Critically evaluate the performance of the scheme and comment on the feasibility of the new target. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The Prime Minister՚s Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims at making poor women free from the smoke of burning wood.
  • Families below the poverty line (BPL) can get free LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connection.
  • Initially, the target was to provide free LPG connections to about 5 crore poor women. But in view of the pace of implementation of the Ujjwal…

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Question 42

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Formalisation without preparation leads to exclusion. Critically comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

According to NSSO data, there have been more jobs created in the informal sector than the formal and more than 90 % of the population is employed in informal jobs.

Formalization without preparation will have disastrous impacts:

  • Formalization of the economy is often sought as the informal economy can enable illicit activities and create a…

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Question 43

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How do companies evade taxes through offshore companies set up in so called tax havens? In the light of ‘Paradise Papers’ , discuss critically. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

A trove of 13.4 million corporate records, primarily from Bermuda firm Appleby, as well as from Singapore-based Asia Citi Trust and corporate registries maintained by governments in 19 secrecy jurisdictions, often referred to as “tax paradises” has once again highlighted the issues of tax heavens and taxes evasion by off shore companie…

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Question 44

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Do you think philanthropy can effectively solve public problems? Discuss with a note on the Co-Impact initiative. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The new Co-Impact initiative launched is meant to target precisely that kind of change. It is born out of the Giving Pledge — Bill Gates and Warren Buffett՚s 2010 pact which around 170 billionaires have now signed on to, promising to give at least half their fortunes to charity.
  • Co-Impact is aimed at providing the expertise and linkages…

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Question 45

Indian Economy and Issues
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Why is India, the country with the world՚s third largest coal reserves , facing coal shortages? Examine why and suggest measures to overcome shortages. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Coal mining in India began in 1774 when John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Heatley of the East India Company commenced commercial exploitation in the Raniganj Coalfield along the Western bank of Damodar river. As on 31 March 2015, India had estimated coal reserves of 306.6 billion metric tons (338.0 billion short tons) .
  • Due to high demand…

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Question 46

Indian Economy and Issues
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It is argued that more than a manufacturing-centric EV policy, India needs a set of ecosystem-level EV policies. What do you understand by this? In the light of present EV policy that՚s being mooted by the government, discuss the statement. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Electric vehicles (EVs) are growing in popularity and certainly in mind space. They are cleaner and more efficient, easy to maintain and there is an advantage of regenerative braking. On the whole it is a package to fight against climate change and global warming as greenhouse gas emissions are reduced.

Problems with Current Model/Why Ind…

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