Indian Economy and Issues [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 16 - 21 of 78

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Question 16

Indian Economy and Issues
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Essay▾

National Urban Transport policy emphasizes on ‘moving people’ instead of ‘moving vehicles’ . Discuss critically the success of the various strategies of the government in this regard.

Explanation

Ministry of Urban Development issued national urban transport policy (NUTP) in 2006 to bring improvements in urban transport services and infrastructure.

  • The policy focus on moving people rather than moving vehicles.
  • Several new initiatives have been taken by Ministry of Urban Development to good mobility in cities.
  • Result of NUTP program, more number…

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Question 17

Indian Economy and Issues
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Essay▾

What was the attitude of Indian industrialists towards the Indian National Congress in pre independence era?

Explanation

In the second half of the 19th century an important development was the establishment of large-scale machine based industries in India.

  • It led to the emergence of two new classes industrialists and capabilities and the modern worker class.
  • The attitude of these two classes where favourable towards the National movement from very beginning.
  • It is an im…

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Question 18

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

To what factors can be the recent dramatic fall in equipment cost and tariff of solar energy be attributed what implications does the trend have for thermal Power producers and related industry?

Explanation

Reasons for dramatic fall in equipment cost

The tariff of the solar Energy in India or solar cost in India is a low in the entire world.

  • There is lot of Government incentives subsidies has been given to this solar sector.
  • There are massive buddy which are taking place by international.
  • Technology advancement which is taking place.
  • The countries like us …

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Question 19

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Discuss the pros and cons of implementation of Universal Basic Income in India.

Explanation

Universal basic income is a provision of giving money to all its citizens for their basic fundamental needs. The main features of UBI are

  • Universality: irrespective of social and economic status of the people it means all people from poor to rich would get the money.
  • Un conditional: no condition on how to use that money
  • Agency: under UBI the Governmen…

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Question 20

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Account for the failure of manufacturing sector in achieving the goal of labour intensive exports rather than the capital intensive exports. Suggest measures for more labour intensive rather than capital intensive exports.

Explanation

  • Our development model is itself capital intensive rather than labour intensive. After globalization many foreigners are coming up and investing amount in the country.
The Development Model
  • Our exports driven by capital intensive industry not by labour intensive industry.
  • The main possible reasons our competitiveness of labour, wages, labour loss, infr…

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Question 21

Indian Economy and Issues
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Comment on the important angels interviews in respect of the Long-term Capital Gains Tax (LCGT) and Division Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union budget of 2018 - 2019.

Explanation

Under 7th schedule of Indian constitution Government levy tax on income other than agricultural income.

  • Capital Gain Tax (CGT) :
    • Tax on profit for most assets held for more than a year.
    • Capital gains for the profit from the sale of an asset like shares of stock, a piece of land, a business are considered taxable income.
    • This tax is a further divided in…

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