Indian Agriculture-Major Crops & Cropping Patterns [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 5

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Question 1

Major Crops & Cropping Patterns
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Essay▾

Discuss various strategies to adress in the view of farmers

Explanation

Agrarian distress

Some of the components of agricultural distress can be low agricultural prices, low productivity in agriculture, supply side constraints and declining average size of land holdings.

based on these constraints possible solutions for agricultural distress

  • Price and income
    • Price plays a key role in affecting farmers income. In the last 2…

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Question 2

Major Crops & Cropping Patterns
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

In the view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture non-viable for a majority of farmers should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? Critically evaluate the pros and cons.

Explanation

The average land size holding in India is around 1 hectare. We are significantly below the world average land size folding.

  • Lot of new technology access to credit productivity all these suffers because of small land holdings.
  • Small land holdings also getting further fragmented because of joint family system or family disputes.
  • Some of the initiatives …

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Question 3

Major Crops & Cropping Patterns
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Essay▾

What is permaculture? Can permaculture make agriculture sustainable? Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Permaculture is the development of agricultural ecosystem intended to be self-sufficient and sustainable.

Permaculture and Agriculture:

  • Use natural organic components: It reduces the cost of agriculture as it would be using all the natural components of the ecosystem than conventional farming.
  • Waste converted to fertiliser: The waste gene…

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Question 4

Major Crops & Cropping Patterns
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Essay▾

In the light of the government՚s initiative to double farmers՚ income, examine the mechanisms and focus areas, especially from the perspective of small farmers and farm workers, through which this goal can be achieved. Also examine what India can learn from China՚s similar initiative. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The need to focus on farmers՚ incomes instead of production or the growth rate in agriculture stems from the facts that there has been agrarian distress in the sector for the last two decades and a very large proportion of farming households in most of the central and eastern states live below the poverty line (BPL) .
  • 40 % of Indian farme…

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Question 5

Major Crops & Cropping Patterns
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Essay▾

How can be India competitive in cereals, pulses and oilseeds? Discuss the measures that government should implement in this regard. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

India though one of the highest producer of cereals, pulses and oilseeds is suffering from many problems. Agricultural imports have been rising since 2004 - 05. Edible oils ($ 11.3 billion) , pulses ($ 4.3 billion) , and fruits, nuts, vegetables ($ 3.1 billion) accounted for $ 18.7 billion of the total Agri-imports of $ 25.4 billion in…

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