Indian Agriculture [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 25 - 31 of 32

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Question 25

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Essay▾

Discuss the objectives, features and significance of the recently announced GOBAR-Dhan initiative. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India’s development depends mostly on lack of good health parameters in the country which are linked to lack of hygiene and sanitation. To give further impetus to Swachh Bharat, Govardhan yojana is launched.

Objectives:

In the Union budget 2018 “GOBAR-Dhan” (Galvanising Organic Bio-Agro Resources-Dhan) scheme as launched.

The initiative has

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Question 26

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Scientific storage facilities and a judicious trade policy will go a long way in helping onion farmers. Comment in the light of reports showing huge losses incurred by onion farmers in a bumper crop year. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • In August last year, the nation was crying for onions which sold at Rs. 100 to Rs. 80 per kg. Today, the same onion is being sold in the wholesale agricultural at 5 kgs for Re 1. Reason is a bumper crop with an average yield of 70 - 80 quintal per acre.
  • The onion prices ups, and downs are well seen. There is a need to an scientific stor

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Question 27

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How can be India competitive in cereals, pulses and oilseeds? Discuss the measures that government should implement in this regard. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

India though one of the highest producer of cereals, pulses and oilseeds is suffering from many problems. Agricultural imports have been rising since 2004 - 05. Edible oils ( $11.3 billion), pulses ( $4.3 billion), and fruits, nuts, vegetables ( $3.1 billion) accounted for $18.7 billion of the total Agri-imports of $25.4 billion in 201

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Question 28

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Addressing structural issues in agricultural policy and allowing states greater autonomy would help Indian agriculture revive itself. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

  • Farmers in various parts of the country including Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra have been agitating, seeking higher support prices for their produce as well as waiver of loans among other demands.
  • The “one-size-fits-all” policy created for the farm sector is self-destructive in design and programmes meant to double farmer incomes are collapsing.

Greate

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Question 29

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Discuss the merits, challenges and future prospects of direct benefit transfer (DBT) in fertilizers. Should fertilisers subsidy be directly transferred to the farmer’s bank account? Examine why. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

India has successfully conducted direct benefit transfer in case of LPG and now it wants to expand to fertilizer as well. So far DBT in fertilizers has been rolled out in 19 States and Union Territories and 12 States are expected to come on board. DBT in fertilizers is expected to expand its footprint in the entire country.

Merits:

  • DBT i

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Question 30

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Discuss the importance of saving traditional seed varieties in organic farming. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

In agriculture and gardening, seed saving (sometimes known as brown bagging) is the practice of saving seeds or other reproductive material (e. g. tubers) from vegetables, grain, herbs, and flowers for use from year to year for annuals and nuts, tree fruits, and berries for perennials and trees. However, in the wake of GM crop era savi

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Question 31

Indian Agriculture
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Why does Geographical Indication (GI) tag matter? It is argued that Geographical Indications have potential to be India’s growth engine. Examine why. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e. g. a town, region, or country). The use of a geographical indication may act as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain

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