Indian Agriculture [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 19 - 24 of 32

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Question 19

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Examine the causes of increasing incidences of pest attacks on crops in India. Do you think biological pest control would address pest problem effectively? Write a note on other pest control measures. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

A pest is a plant or animal detrimental to humans or human concerns (as agriculture or livestock production). alternative meanings include organisms that cause nuisance and epidemic disease associated with high mortality (specifically: plague). In its broadest sense, a pest is a competitor of humanity.

India Has Witnessed Increased Pest

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Question 20

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Discuss the objectives, significance and prospects of the Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY). (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The Union Government has formulated ambitious water conservation scheme Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY) to tackle ever-deepening crisis of depleting groundwater level.
  • The Rs. 6,000-crore will be piloted under the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation. It is awaiting cabinet’s clearance.

Objectives:

The objective of s

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Question 21

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Discuss the objectives and features of the Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Electricity is a major concern in rural India, especially for farmers. Instead of transmitting electricity to the farmers, the government wants farmers to use solar energy to power their irrigation pumps, so this scheme ensures India adheres to Paris agreement and achieve SDG.

Objectives:

To achieve this, the Union Budget 2018 has alloca

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Question 22

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Critically examine how the recent union budget seeks to address farm crisis in the country. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Agricultural and farm crisis has been a bone of contention in India as almost over the half of the population is still dependent on agriculture. The recent budget has taken many measures with respect to the crisis and rural distress.

Positives:

  • Assurance of purchase of all crops for which MSP is declared is a positive step.
  • The Agri-Market

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Question 23

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In the light of the government’s initiative to double farmers’ income, examine the mechanisms and focus areas, especially from the perspective of small farmers and farm workers, through which this goal can be achieved. Also examine what India can learn from China’s similar initiative. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The need to focus on farmers’ incomes instead of production or the growth rate in agriculture stems from the facts that there has been agrarian distress in the sector for the last two decades and a very large proportion of farming households in most of the central and eastern states live below the poverty line (BPL).
  • 40 % of Indian farmer

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Question 24

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Learning from the success of Operation Flood, to succeed, the newly announced Operation Greens must build forward and backward linkages between farmers and markets. Discuss. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Recently the finance minister announced Operation Greens, on the lines of Operation Flood, with a seed capital of Rs. 500 crore. This is the right step especially when farmers are forced to dump the vegetables in the light of price volatility.

Operation Green:

  • Operation Greens wants to replicate the success of operation flood in fruit and

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