Indian Agriculture [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 13 - 18 of 32

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 223 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 700.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 13

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

It is said that seed industry in India is in crisis. Examine the causes of this crisis and remedies needed to revive seed industry. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Agricultural sector is highly dependent on availability and quality of seeds for a productive harvest, as seed is the basic and most critical input for sustainable agriculture. Developments in seed industries in India in last 30 years are very significant. Government restructured seed industry and strengthened seed infrastructure throu…

… (488 more words) …

Question 14

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What do you understand by solar irrigation? Examine the benefits of the Solar Power as a Remunerative Crop (SPaRC) model compared to other solar irrigation models. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Farmers can produce energy from sun, wind or biomass and can use this for themselves or sell surplus to companies.

Solar Irrigation:

  • Solar energy is one of the easiest ways for farmers to produce energy.
  • It is the use of solar energy for pumping out ground water and for irrigation in place of traditional diesel pumps or use of grid power …

… (649 more words) …

Question 15

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

The central government constituted a series of high-powered committees on farmers՚ suicides. Discuss the recommendations of these committees and comment why the union government has not acted upon these recommendations. (250 Words)

Explanation

The Central government has constituted several high-powered committees to solve the problem of distress of farmers. The recommendations of these committees are as follows

Raise MSP:

  • Ramesh Chand Committee Report of March 2015 said the Minimum Support Price (MSP) should be calculated by computing farm labour at the skilled wage rate, calculating land …

… (368 more words) …

Question 16

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is permaculture? Can permaculture make agriculture sustainable? Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Permaculture is the development of agricultural ecosystem intended to be self-sufficient and sustainable.

Permaculture and Agriculture:

  • Use natural organic components: It reduces the cost of agriculture as it would be using all the natural components of the ecosystem than conventional farming.
  • Waste converted to fertiliser: The waste gene…

… (134 more words) …

Question 17

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

It is argued that to make Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) really attractive for farmers, various serious measures need to be taken. In the light of the recent budget, discuss these measures. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Agriculture insurance is recognised as an important part of the safety net for farmers to deal with the impacts of extreme and unseasonal weather. To protect farmers government has come up with Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana:

  • The PMFBY was launched by the Centre in 2016 to help farmers cope with crop l…

… (837 more words) …

Question 18

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

High input cost, flawed MSP calculation and non-inclusive crop insurance scheme are problems perpetuating farm distress. Critically analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Indian agriculture is undergoing a tough time with farmer suicides still taking place. So tackling farm distress is essential to government՚s target of doubling farmers income by 2022.

How High Input Cost is Perpetuating Farm Distress?

  • The risk-bearing capacity of the farmer has been declining for a long time. His financial wherewithal is …

… (1602 more words) …