Indian Agriculture [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 7 - 12 of 32

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Question 7

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Explain various types of revolutions, took place in agriculture after independence in India. How these revolutions have helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India.

Explanation

  • The agriculture sector in the decade of 1960, India started green revolution according to this high yielding variety seeds are used in wheat rice maize. This revolution gave success and extended to most parts of the country. It increased the amount of food grains enormously.
    • White revolution in dairy sector game in 1970′s, this has introduced in the

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Question 8

Indian Agriculture
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Essay▾

Blue revolution has definite advantages in India but it is not free environmental aspects discuss.

Explanation

Blue revolution relates to the production of fish.

  • India in the third largest producer of fisheries in the world.
  • Blue revolution was started in 1970′s to improve quality and quantity to fish production.
  • Under this revolution several new technology technologies were applied in fisheries.
  • Many new species of fishes have been developed to improve the pro

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Question 9

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

What do you mean by minimum support price (MSP)? How will MSP rescue the farmers from the low income trap?

Explanation

The cabinet committee on economic affairs has approved the increase in the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for all the Rabi crops for the year 2018 - 19 and which to be marketed 2019 - 20 season.

  • this initiative will give additional return to the farmers of Rs. 62,635 crores way of increasing the MSP for notified crops to at least return over the cos

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Question 10

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Elucidate the factors contributing to the growing need for water harvesting in India both rural and urban.

Explanation

Rainfall is generally irregular and uncertain in India.

  • For irrigational work it is primarily in those pockets of India which remain prone to drought by irregular precipitation.
  • Most of the rainfall occurs in two or three months of monsoon while rest time of the year remains dry or with less rainfall.
  • Rain water should be stored in ponds and tanks.
  • Wat

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Question 11

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

In the view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture non-viable for a majority of farmers should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? Critically evaluate the pros and cons.

Explanation

The average land size holding in India is around 1 hectare. We are significantly below the world average land size folding.

  • Lot of new technology access to credit productivity all these suffers because of small land holdings.
  • Small land holdings also getting further fragmented because of joint family system or family disputes.
  • Some of the initiatives

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Question 12

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Essay▾

Recently the union government promised a minimum support price (MSP) that is 50 % higher than farmers’ cost of production. In the light of the criticisms made against this move, critically examine how this will be implemented. (240 Words)

Explanation

Background:

In the recent budget, government has decided to keep MSP for all the unannounced crops of kharif at least at one and half times of their production cost. This decision will prove to be a ‘historic’ step towards doubling the income of farmers.

Criticisms of the Move:

  • There are some doubts if the finance minister meant the entire cost of pro

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