Indian Agriculture [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 6 of 32

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Question 1

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Essay▾

Discuss various strategies to adress in the view of farmers

Explanation

Agrarian distress

Some of the components of agricultural distress can be low agricultural prices, low productivity in agriculture, supply side constraints and declining average size of land holdings.

based on these constraints possible solutions for agricultural distress

  • Price and income
    • Price plays a key role in affecting farmers income. In the last 2…

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Question 2

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

What are the major reasons for declining rice and wheat yield in the cropping system? How crop diversification is helpful to stabilize the yield of the crop in the system?

Explanation

There has been potential yield not achieved due to climate change and pollution.

  • Increase in night time temperature 1 degree in raise of temperature in time has contributed to a potential loss of 10 % yield but Increase in daytime temperature increase in yield.
  • Productivity area in tropical regions there are becoming less and less cultivable areas be…

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Question 3

Indian Agriculture
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggestion suitable measures to promote this sector in India.

Explanation

The economics of livestock rearing plays a very vital role in the country. The agriculture sector in India is predominantly a mixed crop livestock farming system includes animals, birds and fishes.

  • Animal reading has always remind an integral part of it animal rearing which includes reading of cows, camels, buffaloes, goats, pigs, sheeps etc. ,
  • Suppl…

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Question 4

Indian Agriculture
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Essay▾

“In the villages itself no form of credit organisation will be suitable except the cooperative society” - All India Rural Credit Survey. Discuss this statement in the background of agricultural Finance in India. What constraints and challenges do financial institution supplying agricultural finance face? How can technology be used to better reach answer rural clients.

Explanation

In the farming sector, credit has become one of the major input.

  • The cooperative credit society are the most important source of credit to the farmers.
  • This cooperative society as a Credit organisations have lot of merits compared to other organisations on credit like commercial banks regional rural bank Land Development Banks etc. ,
  • Other credit orga…

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Question 5

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water use efficiency.

Explanation

Agricultural productivity can be boosted in a big way by enhancing irrigation efficiency in the use of irrigation systems.

  • Over the time the conventional systems of irrigation have become non-viable in many parts of India due to
    • increasing shortage of water
    • wastage of water through over irrigation and
    • Concerns of salinization of soil.
  • Economically and t…

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Question 6

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Essay▾

There is also a point of view that agricultural produce market committee (APMCs) set up under the state acts have not only impeded the development of agriculture but also have been the cause of food inflation in India. Critically examine.

Explanation

The ministry of agriculture developed model APMC Act 2003, to promote freedom of the farmers to sell their produce in Markets other than through the commission agents.

  • India agrimarket is presently regulated by the agricultural produce market committee (APMC) Act enacted by the state governments.
  • Under this act there is provision to set up mandis at …

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