Environmental Issues-Conservation Issues [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 1 - 6 of 13

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Question 1

Conservation Issues
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Essay▾

“The diverse nature of India as a multi-religious and multi-ethnic society is not immune to the impact of radicalism which is seen in her neighbourhood” . Discuss along with strategies to be adopted to counter this environment.

Explanation

Recent report says that about a group of Indians joining the ISIS manifest. The vulnerability of Indian youth to the impact of radicalism seen in various parts of the world and in India neighbourhood.

  • Radicalisation among Indian youth is the result of dissatisfaction over political and social issues and certain classes of youth for socio-economicall…

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Question 2

Conservation Issues
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The scourge of flood is increasing due to climate change, deforestation. Suggest measures to create a comprehensive plan to deal with floods effectively.

Explanation

The floods destroyed the eastern and western parts of India. Nearly huge people died and thousands of people displacing every year.

  • There should be in massive capacity building programme to deal with frequent destructive weather events.
  • The rainfall in Indian subcontinent varies. The duration and frequency of rainfall is different in different region…

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Question 3

Conservation Issues
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

What are the causes of soil erosion and its control in India.

Explanation

  • Soil erosion is washing away topsoil or removal of the cover of the earth.
  • Soil erosion is made effective by course of river wind, premonsoon dry wave and by deforestation.
  • Geographically there are three types of soil erosion they areRunoff erosion: It is due to rills and gullies. The worst affected areas are those of Betwa, Chambal and Ken River. Sh…

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Question 4

Conservation Issues
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Uranium contamination of groundwater has emerged as a serious issue in many states of India. What are the reasons for this contamination highlight the major gaps in water quality monitoring in India.

Explanation

Reports of widespread uranium contamination in groundwater across India demand an urgent response.

  • A study on environmental science and technology letters has found over 30 micrograms per liter (mcg/l) of heavy metal in parts of Northwestern, southern and Southeastern India.
Image Shows the Unsafe Acquifers
  • Drinking such water can damage kidneys and t…

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Question 5

Conservation Issues
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming reality in the country. Discuss the advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment.

Explanation

  • Transporting water from surplus areas to deficit areas is going to reduce disparities.
  • The river linking project which aims to connect Indian River through reservoirs and cannels.
The Inter Basin Water Transfer Links
  • Environment challenges:
  • Cutting across natural boundary,
  • Land acquisition: creating of river linking canal in the central plateau region, …

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Question 6

Conservation Issues
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Essay▾

What is wetland? Exclaim the RAMSAR concept of “wise USE” in content of wetland conservation. Cite 2 examples of Ramsar site from India.

Explanation

Wetland is an area no which is intermediate of deep water and terrestrial habitat.

Basically termed as the “Transitional” area. The area is marshy fern, peatland etc. which can be either temporary/permanent with water that is logged either as fresh/brackish and can be artificial/natural in construction.

Image Shows the Wetland
Image Shows Wetland of 2 Types

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