Environmental Issues [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 33 - 38 of 39

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Question 33

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What do you understand by for compensatory afforestation? Comment on the recent guidelines issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) on compensatory afforestation. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees (forestation) in an area where there was no previous tree cover. Compensatory afforestation is the afforestation carried out in order to compensate the damage or loss caused due to industrial or other developmental activities.

Guidelines on Compensatory Afforestation:

  • These…

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Question 34

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What is the Bonn Challenge? Discuss its features and examine how can India achieve Bonn Challenge. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to restore 150 million hectares of the world՚s degraded and deforested lands by 2020. It was hosted and launched by Germany and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in Bonn on 2 September 2011, in collaboration with the Global Partnership on Forest/Landscape Restoration and tar…

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Question 35

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Can technology help address air pollution that is choking Delhi? Examine. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Great Delhi smog is the ongoing sever air pollution in Delhi. Almost 99 % of Delhi population lives in areas of above normal air pollution. The PM particles crossed 1000 mark recently. This shows the urgency required in tackling the air pollution problems.
  • A WHO survey of over 1,600 cities ranked the national capital as the most pol…

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Question 36

Environmental Issues
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Comment on the existing approaches for resolving incidences of human – wildlife conflict and suggest measures to alleviate these conflicts effectively. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Human – wildlife conflict refers to the interaction between wild animals and people and the resultant negative impact on people or their resources, or wild animals or their habitat. The conflict takes many forms ranging from loss of life or injury to humans, and animals both wild and domesticated, to competition for scarce resources to…

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Question 37

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What՚s the mandate of and significance of work being carried out by ‘Bioversity International’ organisation? How is it different from India՚s National Biodiversity Authority? Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Bioversity International is a global research-for-development organization with a vision – that agricultural biodiversity nourishes people and sustains the planet. Bioversity International is a member of the CGIAR Consortium – a global research partnership for a food-secure future.
  • The organization is highly decentralized, with about 30…

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Question 38

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The union government՚s decision to advance introduction of BS-VI grade petrol and diesel in Delhi by two years to April 2018 appears to be a logical step in fighting air pollution. But what are the practical, financial and technological hurdles to meeting the deadlines on govt՚s clean fuel roadmap? Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Delhi is suffering from worst form of air pollution today. As a step to reduce air pollution Union Petroleum ministry has decided to advance the introduction of BS- VI grade petrol and diesel in New Delhi by two years to April 2018. Previously in Jan 2016 it had decided to skip BS- V and go directly to BS- VI by 2020 which was original…

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