Environmental Issues [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 3 (Science-Tech, Economy, Environment, & Disaster Management)]: Questions 7 - 12 of 39

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Question 7

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Essay▾

What are the initiatives that have been undertaken to tackle the plastic pollution highlight the key issues with India՚s approach in handling plastic waste.

Explanation

On the World Environment day 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a high profile pledge to the international acclaim that it would do away with all single use plastic by 2022.

  • This goal is not yet implemented strongly by an action plan so that the state governments and local bodies have to focus on it.
  • The world scenario, with only of about 9 bil…

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Question 8

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Recycling and Recovery of plastic for reuse as raw material will considerably reduce plastic waste. Discuss with respect to implementation plastic waste management framework in India.

Explanation

Plastics ubiquitous in production and consumption, now it is affecting human beings, animals and marine life on the planet.

  • Global production of plastic has gone up to 1.5 million tonnes (MMT) a year in 1950 to 300 MMT today.
  • Of this plastic are single use.
  • The animal consumption of plastic in India is nearly 12.8 million tonnes and expected to rise …

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Question 9

Environmental Issues
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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What are the causes of soil erosion and its control in India.

Explanation

  • Soil erosion is washing away topsoil or removal of the cover of the earth.
  • Soil erosion is made effective by course of river wind, premonsoon dry wave and by deforestation.
  • Geographically there are three types of soil erosion they areRunoff erosion: It is due to rills and gullies. The worst affected areas are those of Betwa, Chambal and Ken River. Sh…

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Question 10

Environmental Issues
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Uranium contamination of groundwater has emerged as a serious issue in many states of India. What are the reasons for this contamination highlight the major gaps in water quality monitoring in India.

Explanation

Reports of widespread uranium contamination in groundwater across India demand an urgent response.

  • A study on environmental science and technology letters has found over 30 micrograms per liter (mcg/l) of heavy metal in parts of Northwestern, southern and Southeastern India.
Image Shows the Unsafe Acquifers
  • Drinking such water can damage kidneys and t…

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Question 11

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Environmental studies are increasingly undertaken before a project is cleared by the government discuss the environmental impacts of coal fired thermal plants at coal pitheads

Explanation

With coal fired thermal power plants there is a huge impact on environment leading to land degradation, soil pollution, water pollution etc. ,

  • Result of the thermal power plants is rising carbon emission levels, ozone, smog, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, particulate matter Mercury etc. , It leads to producing degrading the quality of air, sulphur…

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Question 12

Environmental Issues
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming reality in the country. Discuss the advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment.

Explanation

  • Transporting water from surplus areas to deficit areas is going to reduce disparities.
  • The river linking project which aims to connect Indian River through reservoirs and cannels.
The Inter Basin Water Transfer Links
  • Environment challenges:
  • Cutting across natural boundary,
  • Land acquisition: creating of river linking canal in the central plateau region, …

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