IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR) Governance and Polity-Parliament and State Legislatures Study Material (Page 35 of 46)

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the Executive in India: President, Criticism of Emergency Power



“The Nominal Executive – Head of States”

The Nominal Executive – Head of States
Constitutional provisionArticle 52 – mention about post of president

“All the powers of executive are exercised by or through him.”

Election of presidentIndirect election system

Electoral college consists of members of parliament and state legislatures.

System of Proportional representation by means of single transferable vote

Power and FunctionsArticle 53 – president can exercise his power directly or through subordinate directed by him. The powers are

1. Executive powers

2. Legislative

… (413 more words) …

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the Executive in India: the Cabinet- Coalition Politics and Presidents Discretion, Powers and Function, Prime Minister – “Primus Inter Pares” , Power and Function, Positioning the Executive in Line


The Cabinet

Parliamentary system usually called as “the cabinet” which carries the function of executive in general.

Powers and Function

  • Approving legislative proposal of government for enactment.
  • Recommending major appointments
  • Coordinating ministries
  • Resolving interdepartmental disputes
  • Supervising and execution of policies.
  • Form committees like political affairs committee for smooth functioning.

Although collective responsibility, individual member should be responsible for effective management of their departments.

Prime Minister – “Primus Inter Pares”

  • PM selected in pr…

… (140 more words) …

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