IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR) Governance and Polity-Parliament and State Legislatures Study Material (Page 1 of 46)

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President

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President

  • President of India is the Executive head of the states and is first Citizen of India. He or she should be at least 35 years old and must be eligible to become a lower house (Lok Sabha) member. Tenure of President of India is 5 years. President is head of the administration and has the powers to pardon anyone, appoint high authorities including Prime Minister also.
The Article 53
  • The president is in…

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Prime Minister

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Prime Minister

  • India՚s head of state is the president, whose powers are largely nominal and ceremonial. Effective executive power rests with the Council of Ministers, headed by the prime minister, who is chosen by the majority party or coalition in the Lok Sabha (lower house of parliament) and is formally appointed by the president. This is a chronologically ordered list of the prime ministers, from the earliest to the most recent.
    • Jawaharlal Nehru (1947 – 64)
    • Gulzarilal Nanda (1964; 1st time)
    • Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964 – 66)
    • Gulzarilal Nanda (1966; 2nd time)
    • Indira Gandhi (1966 – 77; 1st time)
    • Morarji Desai (1977 – 79)
    • Charan Singh (1979 – 80)
    • Indira Gandhi (1980 – 84; 2nd time)
    • Rajiv Gandhi (1984 – 89)
    • V. P. Si…

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