IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR) Constitution-Features Study Material (Page 5 of 17)

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Free and Compulsory Education for Children, Article 44, Uniform Civil Code

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Free and Compulsory Education for Children

With the object to abolish illiteracy, Article 45 requires the state to make provision within 10 years for free and compulsory education to all children until they complete the age of 14 years.

(2) The SC in the case of Unni Krishnan v. State of AP has held that the ‘right to education’ up to the age of 14 years is a FR within the meaning of Article 21, but thereafter the obligation of the state to provide education is subject to the limits of its economic capacity. The right to education flows directly from right to life, the court declared.

Article 44

Uniform Civil Code

  • A three-judge bench comprising Chief Justice V. N. Khare, Justice S. B. …

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Freedom of Assembly, Freedom to Form Association, Freedom of Movement, Freedom of Residence, Freedom of Profession, Occupation, Trade or Business

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Freedom of Assembly

{Article 19 (1) (b) and 19 (3) }

The right is however subject to restrictions:

  • The assembly must be peaceful
  • It must be unarmed; and
  • Reasonable restrictions can be imposed under Clause 3 of Article 19. Under Section 141 of the IPC, an assembly of five or more persons becomes an unlawful assembly if the common object of the persons composing assembly is:
    • To resist the execution of any law or legal process,
    • To commit any mischief or criminal trespass,
    • Obtaining procession of any property by force,
    • To compel a person to do what he is not legally bound to do or omit whic…

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