IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR) Constitution-Amendments Study Material (Page 6 of 30)

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Constitutional Perspective: Legislative Relations: 245 - 255 - Extraordinary Conditions to Legislate State List

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Constitutional Perspective

The Constitution of India has categorically demarcated the executive, legislative and financial powers between the Union and the States. As regards the subjects of legislation, a three-fold distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the Sates has been envisaged. The seventh schedule of the Constitution enshrines the apportionment of powers between the Centre and the States in the form of the Union, Concurrent and State Lists.

  • The Union List comprises of 97 items which includes…

… (239 more words) …

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Comparative Position: History of Amendments

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Comparative Position

  • The Australian constitutional amendment must be proposed by an absolute majority of both Houses of Parliament. It must be submitted to the electors for approval within 6 months and must be approved by a majority of the electors in a majority of the States.
  • In USA, a constitutional amendment can be proposed in either of the two ways
    • by rd of the votes of both Houses Congress, and
    • by a convention called on the application of the legislatures of of the States.

An amendment proposed in either of the above two ways can be ratified in either or two wa…

… (275 more words) …

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