IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR) Constitution-Amendments Study Material (Page 5 of 30)

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Article 32: Difference between Article 32 and Article 226, Res Judicata, Suspension of Article 32: Clause (4)

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Article 32

  • It is meant to enforce rights. Article 32 itself is a FR. Article 32 (1) clearly states that there is every right to move to the Supreme Court or High Court (Article 226) against the infringement of the fundamental rights and for the enforcement of the rights conferred by this part is guaranteed.
  • Article 32 (2) states that the Supreme Court and High Court (Article 226) shall have power to issue directions or orders or writs, including writs in the nature of Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Quo-warranto and Certiorari, which ever may be appropriate for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by this part. The traditional rule of locu…

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Article 360: Centre-state Relations -Part XI Article 245 - 293

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Article 360

It is related to Financial Emergency has it is yet to be imposed. Provisions as to financial emergency:

  • If the President is satisfied that a situation has arisen whereby the financial stability or credit of India or of any part of the territory thereof is threatened, he may by a Proclamation make a declaration to that effect.
  • A Proclamation issued under clause (1)
    • may be revoked or varied by a subsequent Proclamation.
    • shall be laid before each House of Parliament.
    • shall cease to operate at the expiration of two months, unless before the expiration of that period it has been approved by resolutions of both Houses of Parliament:
  • Provided that if any such Proclamat…

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