Social Justice-Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of Population [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 7 - 11 of 12

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Question 7

Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of Population
Institutions and Bodies Constituted
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Essay▾

It is recommended that welfare and other such schemes should either be weeded out or merged for convergence with larger sectoral schemes or be transferred to states, which can then continue with these schemes based on their requirements. Discuss critically the rationale behind this recommendation. (250 Words)

Explanation

The Union government at present runs hundreds of social welfare schemes (675 Central sector schemes as per Budget 2017 - 18) .

There is a need to rationalize existing welfare schemes because concerns are present:

A large majority of these are small in terms of allocation with the top six to seven schemes accounting for about 50 % of total welfare spe…

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Question 8

Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of Population
Mechanisms
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Essay▾

What are the important provisions of Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016? Examine why rights activists are opposing this Bill. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016 flies in the face of recommendations made by a government-appointed expert committee in 2014, the Supreme Court՚s judgment in 2015 and a private member՚s bill unanimously passed in the Rajya Sabha in 2015, all of which displayed greater understanding of the needs of the transgen…

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Question 9

Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of Population
Mechanisms
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Essay▾

Discuss the features and prospects of recent policies meant to provide better social and economic security to India՚s growing population of senior citizens. (250 Words)

Explanation

Features and Prospects of Recent Policies:

  • Several tax and related incentives to ease the financial burden on people aged 60 and above were introduced in the recent union budget.
  • There is a five-fold increase in the exemption limit on interest income from savings, fixed and recurring deposits held with banks and post offices to ₹ 50,000.
  • Government di…

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Question 10

Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of Population
Institutions and Bodies Constituted
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Essay▾

Discuss the policy options that India should pursue to improve women՚s health in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

There has been significant improvement in the health, education and employment status of women in India over time. Yet, health indices for girls and women compare much less favourably with those for boys and men. The poorer health indices for girls and women mandate a social revolution which not only provides equal opportunities but also…

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Question 11

Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of Population
Mechanisms
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Essay▾

Proper implementation of the Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act of 1996 is crucial to ensure dignity and livelihood of poor and migrant labourers. Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act (BOCW) 1996, is the central legislation concerning labour welfare in the construction sector.
  • Meant to regulate the employment and conditions of service of building and other construction workers and to provide for their safety, health and…

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