Social Justice-Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 12 - 17 of 17

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Question 12

Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger
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A robust and responsive food system is need of the hour to combat undernutrition, non-communicable diseases and hunger around the world. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

About 795 million people are undernourished globally. About 780 million people, or the vast majority of the hungry, live in the developing regions. Overall UN figures show that the proportion of undernourished people worldwide has reduced from 15 per cent in 2000 - 2002 to 11 per cent in 2014 - 2016. Roughly one third of the food produ…

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Question 13

Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger
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India accounts for the highest TB incidence (23 %) and mortality (26 %) globally. How can India combat TB effectively? Discuss strategies. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • In India, each year, approx. 220,000 deaths are reported due to Tuberculosis. Between 2006 and 2014, the disease cost Indian economy USD 340 billion. This public health problem is the world՚s largest tuberculosis epidemic.
  • India bears a disproportionately large burden of the world՚s tuberculosis rates, as it continues to be the biggest …

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Question 14

Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger
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Discuss the significance and findings of the recent India State-level Disease Burden Initiative. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The India State-level Disease Burden Initiative, a joint initiative between the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) , Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) , and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India along with experts and stakeho…

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Question 15

Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger
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What are the features of the Government of India՚s National Nutrition Strategy announced in September 2017? Does excess emphasis on sanitation help address India՚s malnutrition problem? Critically comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The rationale for investing in Nutrition is globally well recognized – both as a critical development imperative, as well as crucial for the fulfilment of human rights- especially of the most vulnerable children, girls and women.
  • It constitutes the foundation for human development, by reducing susceptibility to infections, related morbi…

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Question 16

Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger
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Examine why India urgently needs a national dementia policy. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person՚s daily functioning. Other common symptoms include emotional problems, problems with language, and a decrease in motivation. A person՚s consciousness is usually no…

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Question 17

Issues Relating to Poverty and Hunger
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The intention to raise public expenditure to strengthen India՚s healthcare have been repeated in the in many official plans with little or no action. Identify the sources of funding that can help India spend more on healthcare. Also discuss in addition to more funds, what else is needed to address health challenges in future. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Human endeavour creates value. Healthier people endeavour more. Thus, health is a creator of value, of prosperity. Despite of this fact India spends only 1.3 % of its GDP expenditure on health. Considering the population of 125 crore and out of pocket expenditure of poor as above 655 this is a crisis situation in Indian healthcare.
  • The …

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