Social Justice-Health [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 6 - 11 of 19

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Question 6

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According to WHO report, India accounted for 6 % of global malaria cases and 7 % of deaths caused by it in 2016. Why has India failed to eliminate Malaria? Examine. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Malaria is one of the biggest killer in the country. Despite the government efforts like national framework for malaria elimination death by malaria is increasing day by day.
  • India — due to low funding per person at risk and resistance to certain frontline insecticides — is only expected to achieve a 20 %-40 % reduction.

India՚s Abysmal …

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Question 7

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Discuss critically implications of the WASH interventions for the health of children and women, especially stunting in children. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • Cases related to water and sanitation are one of the major causes of death in children under five. Without access to clean water and basic toilets, and without good hygiene practices, a child՚s survival, growth and development are at risk.
  • As India is undergoing transition from Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals…

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Question 8

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What are the important findings of Global Burden of Disease study with respect to India? Discuss the significance of its findings to policymaking in health sector for Indian states. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Global Burden of Disease study chart the changing patterns of disease-related death and disability from 1990 onwards.
  • Health status of populations across the world changes over time in response to socio-economic, demographic, nutritional, scientific, technological, environmental and cultural shifts. Such health transitions have been esp…

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Question 9

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In the light of recent HPV vaccine issue, critically examine the causes and consequences – especially for India – of clinical trials crisis around the globe. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India has the largest burden of cervical cancer in the world. Around 70,000 women die of it each year, and around 70 % of these cases are caused by infections from HPV strains. However, safety of clinical trials linked with the vaccine has come to light recently raising the issue further.

Causes of Clinical Trial Crisis:

  • Clinical trials fa…

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Question 10

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Despite improvements in awareness, services and treatments, cancer still kills more than 100,000 children every year worldwide. Examine the reasons. Also discuss why deaths due to cancer remain very high in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Indian Case:

  • As per 2016 ICMR reports, India is likely to have over 17.3 lakh new cases of cancer and over 8.8 lakh deaths due to the disease by 2020 with cancers of breast, lung and cervix topping the list.
  • Cancer cases as well as mortality are increasing rapidly among Indian women, primarily because of low awareness and late detection.
  • India account…

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Question 11

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Why is it advised for pregnant women to gain weight during pregnancy? Examine the causes of high IMR and MMR in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The amount of weight gain during pregnancy is important for the health of pregnancy and for the long-term health of mother and your baby.
  • A little weight gain during pregnancy is thus beneficial for the child, for shorter women who are more likely to deliver low birth weight babies.
  • Putting on weight in the third trimester, between 6 to …

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