Social Justice-Government Policies and Interventions for Development [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 17 - 22 of 26

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Question 17

Government Policies and Interventions for Development
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Essay▾

It is argued that inducting Licentiate Medical Practitioners (LMP) may be the solution to the chronic shortage of doctors in rural areas. Do you agree? Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • According to the 2001 Census, there is a tenfold difference in the availability of qualified doctors between urban and rural areas i.e.. one qualified doctor per 8,333 (885) people in rural (urban) areas of India. Addressing this rural scarcity is fundamental to efforts for achieving universal health care in India.
  • At the time of India՚s …

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Question 18

Government Policies and Interventions for Development
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Essay▾

How is India՚s Aadhaar different from America՚s Social Security Number (SSN) ? Do you think going forward Aadhaar will help in better implementation of welfare schemes and administration of subsidies? Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India՚s Unique Identification project is the world՚s largest bio metrics-based identity programme. Initially, the project had a limited aim to stop theft and pilferage from India՚s social welfare programmes by correctly identifying the beneficiaries using their bio metrics. But now, the use of Aadhaar is expanding into newer areas, inclu…

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Question 19

Government Policies and Interventions for Development
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Essay▾

In a recent study by the UNICEF, India՚s still has one of the highest new-born mortality rate – nearly 640,000 babies were lost in 2016, more than any other country. What are the solutions to prevent new-born-mortality? Also comment why India is not able to reduce new-born-mortality rate. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India is one of the fastest economies in the world, its achievements in space technology surprised the world but when it is still one of the countries where new borns die every day. Its neonatal mortality rate stands at 25.4.

Why India is Not Able to Reduce New Born Mortality Rate:

  • Premature birth. Premature births counts for over 80 % of …

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Question 20

Government Policies and Interventions for Development
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Essay▾

What are the features of the National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) ? Discuss its feasibility and the role of states in implementing this scheme. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India is concerned with many health issues be it malnutrition, infant mortality, rising non communicable diseases, growing number of deaths due to cancer etc. The national health protection scheme or the Ayushman Bharat health insurance scheme is the step in the right direction which can give impetus to healthcare in India.

Features:

  • The s…

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Question 21

Government Policies and Interventions for Development
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Analyse the findings of the NITI Aayog՚s Health Index report that was released recently. (250 Words)

Explanation

Health Index Report:

  • In its first attempt at establishing an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation՚s performance in Health the NITI Aayog released a Health Index report.
  • The report ranks states and union territories (UTs) on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes and their ov…

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Question 22

Government Policies and Interventions for Development
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Essay▾

The Housing for All by 2022 agenda, while trying to resolve India՚s urban housing crisis, must take into consideration millions of migrant workers in Indian cities who are living in nightmarish conditions. Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Background:

The Union Budget announced recently is committed to provide assistance for building 3.7 million houses in urban areas in 2018 - 19 under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) . Similarly there are other schemes like Ujjwala, Saubhagya yojana etc which have been initiated to cater to the needs of the poor.

Concerns:

  • However, this does littl…

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