Social Justice [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 99 - 104 of 108

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Question 99

Social Justice
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Essay▾

The health insurance in India suffers from many lacunae. In the light of the basic right to health of citizens that flows from Article 21 of the Constitution, critically analyse problems plaguing India՚s health insurance sector and measures needed to fix these problems. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • Improved health and healthcare are of vital concern to the welfare of Indian society. Surveys have shown that ill health and its related costs are the biggest causes of indebtedness in rural India, with one fourth of the rural population in the poorest groups falling into a debt trap to pay for healthcare.
  • The health insurance system of t…

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Question 100

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What are the features of the Government of India՚s National Nutrition Strategy announced in September 2017? Does excess emphasis on sanitation help address India՚s malnutrition problem? Critically comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The rationale for investing in Nutrition is globally well recognized – both as a critical development imperative, as well as crucial for the fulfilment of human rights- especially of the most vulnerable children, girls and women.
  • It constitutes the foundation for human development, by reducing susceptibility to infections, related morbi…

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Question 101

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Analyse the findings of the NITI Aayog՚s Health Index report that was released recently. (250 Words)

Explanation

Health Index Report:

  • In its first attempt at establishing an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation՚s performance in Health the NITI Aayog released a Health Index report.
  • The report ranks states and union territories (UTs) on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes and their ov…

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Question 102

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Examine why India urgently needs a national dementia policy. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person՚s daily functioning. Other common symptoms include emotional problems, problems with language, and a decrease in motivation. A person՚s consciousness is usually no…

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Question 103

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The Housing for All by 2022 agenda, while trying to resolve India՚s urban housing crisis, must take into consideration millions of migrant workers in Indian cities who are living in nightmarish conditions. Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Background:

The Union Budget announced recently is committed to provide assistance for building 3.7 million houses in urban areas in 2018 - 19 under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) . Similarly there are other schemes like Ujjwala, Saubhagya yojana etc which have been initiated to cater to the needs of the poor.

Concerns:

  • However, this does littl…

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Question 104

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The UK National Health Service (NHS) has been described as single greatest experiment in social service that the world has ever seen undertaken. However, lately NHS is facing certain challenges. Examine these challenges and the lessons it offers to India՚s move towards universal healthcare. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Universal healthcare, free at the point of provision, is a fundamental human right and the U. K. is perhaps the only country in the world that has truly tried to meet that requirement.

National Health Service:

  • The NHS is a rare example of truly socialised medicine. Healthcare is provided by a single payer the British government and is fund…

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