Social Justice [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 78 - 82 of 108

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Question 78

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Essay▾

In a recent study by the UNICEF, India՚s still has one of the highest new-born mortality rate – nearly 640,000 babies were lost in 2016, more than any other country. What are the solutions to prevent new-born-mortality? Also comment why India is not able to reduce new-born-mortality rate. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India is one of the fastest economies in the world, its achievements in space technology surprised the world but when it is still one of the countries where new borns die every day. Its neonatal mortality rate stands at 25.4.

Why India is Not Able to Reduce New Born Mortality Rate:

  • Premature birth. Premature births counts for over 80 % of …

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Question 79

Social Justice
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According to one authoritative study, there are a million unregistered and unqualified medical practitioners in India. Critically examine why quacks function freely in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

The recent arrest of a man in Uttar Pradesh for allegedly injecting 41 people with the HIV virus from a single infected needle highlights how so-called ‘quacks’ are able to ply their trade freely in India.

Reasons Why Quacks Function Freely in India Are:

India is Beset by a Wide Range of Problems in Healthcare Delivery:

  • Overcrowded and unde…

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Question 80

Social Justice
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The publication of “Investing in Health,” the World Bank՚s highly influential 1993 World Development Report, has guided structural adjustment policies and health sector reforms in many developing countries. Critically examine how India՚s healthcare industry has evolved since the publication of above said report. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

World Bank had published a much-researched World Development Report of “Investing in Health” which gave guidelines for structural adjustment policies and health reforms in developing countries as follows:

For Developing Economies, the WDR Recommends a Three-Pronged Approach:

  • Fostering an environment that enables households to improve hea…

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Question 81

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What are the important provisions of Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016? Examine why rights activists are opposing this Bill. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016 flies in the face of recommendations made by a government-appointed expert committee in 2014, the Supreme Court՚s judgment in 2015 and a private member՚s bill unanimously passed in the Rajya Sabha in 2015, all of which displayed greater understanding of the needs of the transgen…

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Question 82

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Discuss the features and prospects of recent policies meant to provide better social and economic security to India՚s growing population of senior citizens. (250 Words)

Explanation

Features and Prospects of Recent Policies:

  • Several tax and related incentives to ease the financial burden on people aged 60 and above were introduced in the recent union budget.
  • There is a five-fold increase in the exemption limit on interest income from savings, fixed and recurring deposits held with banks and post offices to ₹ 50,000.
  • Government di…

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