Social Justice [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 73 - 77 of 107

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Question 73

Social Justice
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In the light of recent HPV vaccine issue, critically examine the causes and consequences – especially for India – of clinical trials crisis around the globe. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India has the largest burden of cervical cancer in the world. Around 70,000 women die of it each year, and around 70 % of these cases are caused by infections from HPV strains. However, safety of clinical trials linked with the vaccine has come to light recently raising the issue further.

Causes of Clinical Trial Crisis:

  • Clinical trials fa

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Question 74

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What are the aptitudes, capabilities, skills and qualities that a university teacher/researcher – particularly in the domain of humanities and social sciences – needs to cultivate, and is the National Eligibility Test (NET) in tune with this spirit? Critically examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The National Eligibility Test (NET) is a test to determine eligibility for college and university level lectureship and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals. It aims to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in teaching professions and research. On behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC), the C

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Question 75

Social Justice
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Despite improvements in awareness, services and treatments, cancer still kills more than 100,000 children every year worldwide. Examine the reasons. Also discuss why deaths due to cancer remain very high in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Indian Case:

  • As per 2016 ICMR reports, India is likely to have over 17.3 lakh new cases of cancer and over 8.8 lakh deaths due to the disease by 2020 with cancers of breast, lung and cervix topping the list.
  • Cancer cases as well as mortality are increasing rapidly among Indian women, primarily because of low awareness and late detection.
  • India account

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Question 76

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How is India’s Aadhaar different from America’s Social Security Number (SSN)? Do you think going forward Aadhaar will help in better implementation of welfare schemes and administration of subsidies? Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

India’s Unique Identification project is the world’s largest biometrics-based identity programme. Initially, the project had a limited aim to stop theft and pilferage from India’s social welfare programmes by correctly identifying the beneficiaries using their biometrics. But now, the use of Aadhaar is expanding into newer areas, includi

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Question 77

Social Justice
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Why is it advised for pregnant women to gain weight during pregnancy? Examine the causes of high IMR and MMR in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • The amount of weight gain during pregnancy is important for the health of pregnancy and for the long-term health of mother and your baby.
  • A little weight gain during pregnancy is thus beneficial for the child, for shorter women who are more likely to deliver low birth weight babies.
  • Putting on weight in the third trimester, between 6 to

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