Social Justice [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 59 - 62 of 108

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Question 59

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Essay▾

Placing convicted disabled people in solitary confinement with no support violates their right to life, bodily integrity and autonomy under Article 21. In the light of recent observations made by the Supreme Court on the right to privacy issue, critically comment on the issues involved in putting convicted disabled people in jails. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

In the Supreme Court՚s right to privacy judgment (Justice K. S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India) , Justice D. Y. Chandrachud held: “Life and personal liberty are inalienable to human existence.”

Context:

  • In 2014, Delhi University professor G. N. Saibaba was arrested under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act and held in Nagpur Central J…

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Question 60

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The recent economic survey highlights the importance of gender-disaggregated data in examining socio-economic growth. Examine how this gender-disaggregated data can be generated and challenges such data poses in policymaking. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Gender disaggregated data gives a clear idea of the status of women in a country giving impetus to the direction of the measures taken by the government to be more inclusive.

Present Gaps in Gender Disaggregated Data: (Extra)

  • Repeated data isn՚t available to help assess change over time or design interventions.
  • Lack data on women՚s formal f…

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Question 61

Social Justice
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According to WHO report, India accounted for 6 % of global malaria cases and 7 % of deaths caused by it in 2016. Why has India failed to eliminate Malaria? Examine. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Malaria is one of the biggest killer in the country. Despite the government efforts like national framework for malaria elimination death by malaria is increasing day by day.
  • India — due to low funding per person at risk and resistance to certain frontline insecticides — is only expected to achieve a 20 %-40 % reduction.

India՚s Abysmal …

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Question 62

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Socialisation of medicine with a reliance on taxation to fund basic programmes is the bedrock of a good health system. In the light of the statement, discuss the significance of NITI Aayog՚s first Health Index, its shortcomings and its implications for competitive federalism. (250 Words)

Explanation

Health Index Report:

  • In its first attempt at establishing an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation՚s performance in Health the NITI Aayog released a Health Index report.
  • The report ranks states and union territories (UTs) on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes and their ov…

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