Social Justice [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 47 - 52 of 107

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Question 47

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The recent SEBI’s guidelines to improve transparency and disclosures by Credit Rating Agencies is a welcome move. However, it fails to address the structural issues of the credit rating agencies. Analyse.

Explanation

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Image of the Securities and Exchange Board of India

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Over the past couple of years, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has been announcing tougher rules around disclosure by credit rating agencies (CRAs) in a bid to boost transparency and accountability.

  • The fresh norms, were part of that process and triggered by the cri

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Question 48

Social Justice
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National Human Rights Commission is considered a ‘toothless tiger’. In this context critically analyse the powers and functioning of the commission.

Explanation

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Image of the Introduction

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The Commission, which draws its mandate from the Protection of Human Rights (PHR) Act 1993, has been mired in controversies since its formation. As the government seeks to introduce amendments to the Act in Parliament’s Winter Session.

  • The Amendment Bill intends to strengthen human rights institutions in this

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Question 49

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How far do you agree with the view that tribunals curtail the jurisdiction of ordinary courts? In view of the above, discuss the constitutional validity and competency of the tribunals in India.

Explanation

  • The Tribunals are quasi-judicial bodies of administrative characteradjudicate one question of law that affects citizensestablished by the Constitution to administer justice. that has been powered with judicial powers to . Court is understood as the judicial institution which is
  • Tribunals are specialized courts in addition to the formal judiciaryCons

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Question 50

Social Justice
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Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain.

Explanation

  • Health for All’ ensuring universal health coveragewithout impoverishmentfoundation for achieving the health objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a key concept of WHO where it is important for . It is the . A significant role here is being played by the Local community level healthcare interventions.
  • Within the Directive Principl

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Question 51

Social Justice
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Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing developmental projects?

Explanation

  • The 73rd amendmentthird tier of Panchayati raj to be formulated and establishednomenclature suited to respective state governmentobligatory for state government to conduct regular election of the Indian Constitution led to the as per the it has made of local bodies there say is made mandatory for development project in their area for implementation

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Question 52

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Whether the Supreme Court Judgement (July 2018) can settle the political tussle between the Lt. Governor and elected government of Delhi? Examine.

Explanation

  • A five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court unanimously held that Lieutenant-Governor is bound by the aid and advice of the Delhi governmentagainst an August 4,2016, verdict of the Delhi High CourtL-G has complete control of all matters regarding the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The judgment came on appeals filed by the NCT governm

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