International Relations [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 99 - 103 of 103

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Question 99

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Should India support the inclusion of Britain and France in the quadrilateral dialogue? Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

It is a closed group consisting of India, Australia, Japan & USA. Japan pioneered the initiative about a decade ago. It perceives this forum as a coalition of maritime democracies. Securing a rules-based global order, liberal trading system and freedom of navigation are believed to the guiding principles of quadrilateral dialogue.

India…

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Question 100

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“It would be unwise to rely on the US to counter China. India must build tools to protect its own interests.” Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

With increasing economic power China becoming more aggressive on military, political and economic fronts. India has long standing borders disputes with China and also has fought wars in 1962. China is continuously increasing its powers on all fronts. To counter China India has been exploring many strategies and among them relying on Un…

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Question 101

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Was ‘Operation Cactus’ that India carried out in 1988, in tune with India՚s then foreign policy? Should India carry out similar operation today? Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • ‘Operation Cactus’ , the code name for India՚s military intervention in the Maldives in 1988, following an attempted coup d՚etat against the government of President Abdul Gayoom and his request for help, was spontaneous and swift.
  • This is highlighted in the light of the recent political crisis taken place in Maldives where the president h…

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Question 102

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India recently joined the Ashgabat Agreement, which was instituted in April 2011. Discuss the significance of this for India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Ashgabat Agreement:

  • India recently joined the Ashgabat Agreement, which was instituted in April 2011 to establish an international multimodal transport and transit corridor between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.
  • The Agreement was first signed by Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Oman and Qatar on 25 April 2011.
  • While Qatar subsequently withdrew from…

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Question 103

International Relations
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Essay▾

A successful foreign policy is one that creates the external circumstances conducive to realizing India՚s fundamental aims, namely, protecting its physical security and its decisional autonomy, enlarging its economic prosperity and its technological capabilities, and realizing its status claims on the global stage. In this context examine how successful do you think Indian foreign policy has been since independence?

(250 words, 15 marks)

Explanation

A nation՚s foreign policy consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests. The development of foreign policy is influenced by domestic considerations, the policies or behavior of other states, or plans to advance specific geopolitical interest. The foreign policy of a country hinges upon “National Intere…

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