International Relations [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 78 - 81 of 102

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Question 78

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Essay▾

The unfolding crisis in Maldives draws attention to the perennial question about whether and when India should intervene in the internal politics of its neighbouring countries. Should India directly intervene and try to solve the Maldives crisis? Critically comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Maldives is in the midst of a deep political crisis. President Abdulla Yameen has declared a state of emergency just days after the Supreme Court of Maldives has ordered for the release of political prisoners.

India Should Intervene:

Earlier Instances:

  • India has often intervened in the internal affairs of other countries for instance the li

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Question 79

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In its ambition and enthusiasm to actively engage in “Quadrilateral” grouping, India should not neglect its neighbours. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • By accepting an invitation to join the Japan-proposed, U. S. -endorsed plan for a “Quadrilateral” grouping including Australia to provide alternative debt financing for countries in the Indo-Pacific, India has taken a significant turn in its policy for the subcontinent.
  • The coming together of India, the US, Japan and Australia is being

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Question 80

International Relations
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Recent events around the world have fuelled xenophobic and anti-immigration sentiments. Analyse how recent immigration policy changes in the Middle East will impact migration and remittances with respect to India, and how India should come up with reducing remittances and returning migrants. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • The impact of migration on economic growth and development through increased remittances is well established with India receiving about 56 % of its remittances from migrants in West Asia.
  • In a world where developments such as Brexit and the Trump presidency in the U. S. have intensified debate on migration, considerable uncertainties abou

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Question 81

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The International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimates that eight years from now, around 121 million boys and girls would still be engaged in various occupations. Why have countries failed to eradicate child labour? What efforts are required to end child labour? Examine. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Child labour means work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, dignity that is harmful to their physical and mental development. Child labour is one of the worst scourges inflicting our society. This phenomenon is present in almost every country of the world.
  • National governments all over the world has taken stock o

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