International Relations [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 60 - 65 of 103

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Question 60

International Relations
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Essay▾

Indian and USA are two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.

Explanation

  • The two largest democratic countries in the world, both United States and India are based on federalism in their political structure. US became a Federal Republic State by promulgating its constitution in the year 1789; whereas India became a Sovereign, Secular, and Democratic Republic by formally adopting its Constitution in year 1950.
  • National pol…

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Question 61

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Explain how European Union is a role model of Regional Organization?

Explanation

EU is a political and economic union of 28 member States that are located primarily in Europe. EU has developed an internal single market through standardized system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure free movement of people, goods, services and capital within internal market, enact legislation. With the Schengen are…

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Question 62

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The ongoing crisis in Catalonia region is a salutary reminder to India of what can go wrong when regional grievances are allowed to fester. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The ongoing crisis in the Catalonia region of Spain saw an attempt at secession was ruthlessly put down by central authorities.

Reasons for the Ongoing Crisis:

  • One of the roots of the putative independence movement is a sense of Catalan identity distinct from that of much of the rest of Spain — an identity rooted in language, culture and…

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Question 63

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Tibetan refugees in India are considered the ‘most successful’ refugee community in the world. Despite this appreciation, Tibetan refugees face numerous challenges in India, especially with respect to acquiring India՚s citizenship. Examine these challenges and suggest what Indian government should do to address grievances of the Tibetan community in India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

  • India facilitated the preservation and promotion of the Tibetan refugees distinctive culture, tradition and identity. With the generous support and assistance of India and international aid agencies, the Tibetan refugees in India have not only attained self-sustenance but also successfully reconstructed their social, political and religi…

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Question 64

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Analyse the features and prospects of India՚s de-hyphenated policy towards Israel and Palestine. (250 Words)

Explanation

De Hyphenated Policy:

  • The policy where one country builds up relations with another country on standalone basis and without any linking (fear of backlash or criticism) with any other country is called de-hyphenation policy.
  • India՚s Non-alignment is the biggest example of de-hyphenated foreign policy where India made relations with both the adversarie…

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Question 65

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There is an urgent need to adopt a rights-based approach by all stakeholders in seeking arrangements for safe and orderly migration to prevent exploitation of migrants and refugees. Discuss. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

A refugee is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely.

Prevent Exploitation of Migrants and Refugee
  • Migrant is a person travelling from country of origin to country of destination for work, education, marriage etc.
  • The world is experiences wave of refugees and migration but ther…

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