Important Aspects of Governance [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 2 (Governance, Polity, Social Justice, & IR)]: Questions 18 - 24 of 24

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Question 18

Important Aspects of Governance
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Examine the merits and demerits of live-streaming of the proceedings of the Supreme Court of India. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

The Supreme Court recently agreed to hear a petition filed by a senior lawyer seeking live streaming of judicial proceedings in the top court on matters of constitutional and national importance.

Merits of Live Streaming Proceedings:

  • Indian legal system is built on the concept of open courts, which means that the proceedings are open to al

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Question 19

Important Aspects of Governance
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Aadhaar-based Biometric Authentication does nothing in the battle against graft — there are better alternatives. Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

In 2009, the government of India launched a new identification program that has gone on to become the largest biometric database in the world. The program, known as Aadhaar, has collected the names, addresses, phone numbers—and perhaps more significantly, fingerprints, photographs, and iris scans—of more than 1 billion people. In the p

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Question 20

Important Aspects of Governance
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The success of Swachh Bharat mission hinges on strong municipals and efficient governance. Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Issues with Municipalities and Efficient Governance in Swachh Bharat Programme:

The Rate of Open Defecation is Not Decreasing Much:

  • India has far higher levels of open defecation than other countries of the same GDP per capita.
  • Even though the rate of construction of toilets is increasing the municipalities are failing to make people use them.
  • Lack of

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Question 21

Important Aspects of Governance
Application
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Essay▾

For governments, careful data mining from Big Data might help understand our behaviour in order to facilitate planning. Should governments rely too much on big data for planning? What cautions need to be taken? Examine critically. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

With technological innovations taking place every day and data generation is taking place at large the importance of big data cannot be put aside.

Government Need to Rely on Big Data:

Big Data and associated analytics are beneficial in various areas, such as:

  • Solving traffic problems in cities
  • Targeting healthcare delivery
  • Efficient supply ch

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Question 22

Important Aspects of Governance
Application
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Essay▾

The support for net neutrality upholds the values of Indian constitutionalism. Analyse. (250 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Net neutrality creates rules of the road for a free and open Internet. It requires that barriers should not be created by telecom and Internet service providers for user choice by limiting their power to discriminate between content providers and different classes of content.
  • Through binding rules and regulations, the power of access pr

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Question 23

Important Aspects of Governance
Models
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Despite their vital role in the global financial world, why do rating agencies fail to inspire confidence in markets and among nations? Should rating agencies be regulated? Discuss. (250 Words)

Explanation

Why Do Rating Agencies Fail to Inspire Confidence in Markets and Why Credit Rating Agencies Need to Be Regulated?

World Experiences:

  • Because of allegations of improper and inaccurate ratings occurring frequently. Such agencies have been subject to a range of lawsuits, especially after Enron’s collapse and during the recent subprime mortgage crisis in

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Question 24

Important Aspects of Governance
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Do we really need a Chief Secretary in today’s politico-administrative ambience in the States and Union Territories? Critically comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Background:

Chief secretary is the head of the civil administration in the state or union territory, an officer who represents not just his own service but all services within the civil administration but the recent incident of the Delhi chief secretary being assaulted has raised many questions.

The Responsibilities Chief Secretary Looks into Are:

  • Gua

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